Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: Phulwari Sanctuary is one of the most neglected sanctuaries of Rajasthan. Nevertheless, 202 bird species are reported from this site (Sharma 2002). Except for the two species of vultures recently classified as Critically Endangered (BirdLife International 2001), and the Vulnerable Pied or White-winged Black Tit Parus nuchalis, not many threatened bird species are found in Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary, but the extant, albeit fragmented forest, harbours 30 out of 59 Biome-11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone) species. The Sanctuary is also a good example of the representative faunal diversity of the Aravalli mountains. It also harbours five Near Threatened species in the waterbodies and streams but their numbers are not significant.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: General biodiversity of this Sanctuary has been well studied with long lists of reptiles, amphibians and mammals available (Sharma 1995, 1997, 2002). The key reptilian species of the Sanctuary are the Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris, Monitor Lizard Varanus bengalensis and Indian Rock Python Python molurus. Among primates, Common Langur Semnopithecus entellus is very common. Leopard Panthera pardus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Hyena Hyaena hyaena, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis and Wild Boar Sus scrofa are also encountered.
Chinkara Gazella bennettii and Four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis are the herbivores which provide food for the top carnivores. Chundawat et al. (2002) also reported Large Brown Flying Squirrel Petaurista petaurista. Along with Sitamata WLS (an IBA), Phulwari is the westernmost limit of the distribution of this species in India.
Due to village settlements situated inside and adjacent to the Sanctuary, activities such as collection of firewood, illegal felling of trees and poaching of animals including birds are known to occur. The Kathodias (also known as ‘Monkey-eating Tribe’) use traditional techniques for trapping and killing of wildlife, especially monkeys. Strict patrolling as well as awareness campaigns are required to check such activities. Damming of the Mansi-Wakal river is in progress, which will stop the continuity of water flow in the river and will cause significant destruction of the habitats along the watercourses. This will, in turn, affect the faunal and floral diversity. The site has a rich flora, with dense cover in the core area. Field surveys should be undertaken to document the fauna. The Department of Forests (Wildlife Division) is conducting eco-trekking and camping for tourists to sensitize them, and create awareness of the necessity for protecting the Sanctuary.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/05/2022.