Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: About 150 bird species are reported from the site (Vyas 1998). Five species of vultures, four species of storks, Great Horned Owl Bubo bubo, Sarus Crane Grus antigone, Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis, Small Indian Pratincole Glareola lactea, and lapwings are some of the common residents. During winter, large congregations of Large Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Brahminy Duck Tadorna ferruginea, and Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus may be seen. Approximately 150-200 nests of Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus have been sighted from the area in the past but the present number is not known. Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus and Woolly-necked or White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus have been recorded in the Sanctuary. In India, it is one of the most important sites for the breeding of Indian Skimmer.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Gharial Gavialis gangeticus and Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris are common and the most important fauna after which the Sanctuary is named (Rao 1998). Red Crowned Roofed Terrapin Kachuga kachuga, Chitra Turtle Chitra indica, Ganges Soft Shell Aspideretes gangeticus and Small Indian Otter Lutra lutra constitute other important fauna. (Satish K. Sharma pers. comm. 2003).
The water from the site is overused for irrigation purposes as well as for quarrying. This, accompanied by the shortage of rainfall, decreases the water level in the river. The overuse of water should be checked to maintain the water level throughout the year for the residential avifauna.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/05/2022.