Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: Not much is known about the bird life of this important site but the birds are not very different from nearby Harike Lake (an IBA). According to WWF (undated), this wetland attracts a large number of resident and migratory birds, and it also acts as an important staging ground for long distance migratory birds. About 50 species of birds have been reported. The waterfowl consists of Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Northern Shoveller Anas clypeata, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos, Common teal Anas crecca, Wigeon Anas strepera, Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula, and White-eyed Pochard or Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca. Total number of birds could reach 20,000 figures.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: As this wetland is surrounded by human habitation, there is not much of large terrestrial fauna, except for an occasional Golden Jackal Canis aureus.
Like in Harike, Kanjli wetlands also suffers from the bane of invasive Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes. Manual removal has been attempted, with unsatisfactory results as this pernicious weed flows in with the river water. As the wetland is surrounded by agricultural fields and human habitation, encroachment has been another threat. The Government of Punjab has now fenced the area to prevent further encroachment. Charaching of ducks is also a major problem but it can be controlled with effective patrolling and conservation education in the surrounding villages.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kanjli Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/03/2023.