Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: Not much information is available on the avifauna of this IBA, except that a new locality of Dark-rumped or Khasi Hills Swift has been recorded (Ahmed et al. 2003). Other species recorded are the Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis, Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata, Red-throated Flycatcher Ficedula parva, Large Niltava Niltava grandis, Golden Babbler Stachyris chrysaea, Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis and Rufous-winged Fulvetta Alcippe castaniceps. A good population of Blyth’s Tragopan (Choudhury 1997) is also recorded. This site falls under the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (EBA), in which 21 restricted range species are included. Many of these are likely to occur in Khonoma. Choudhury (2001) has seen many restricted range species being sold for meat in the market of the state capital. Khonoma adjoins Kohima town, so it likely that many restricted range species are caught from this site also. Striped Laughingthrush Garrulax virgatus, Wedge-billed Wren Babbler Sphenocichla humei (Near Threatened), Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni, and White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri were among the birds being sold.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: No detailed work has been done on the mammalian fauna, but the following species have been recorded: Clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa, Leopard Panthera pardus, Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Stump-tailed macaque Macaca arctoides, Slow Loris Nycticebus coucang and Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock (A. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
The KNCTS Trust is one of the pioneering community conservation efforts in northeast India. The Sanctuary covers an important watershed for terrace cultivation and watershed management for the valley of Dimapur. The area of KNCTS was reduced from 7500 ha to 2500 ha, just before its declaration as a Tragopan Sanctuary by the Village Council. They should be encouraged to revert to the earlier status and to restore the area to 7500 ha. The State Forest Department must also play a major role in protecting this area with the help of the villagers.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/06/2022.