Jiri - Makru Wildlife Sanctuary

Site description (2004 baseline):

Site location and context
This site is located between the rivers Jiri and Makru, both tributaries of the Barak river near the Assam-Manipur border. It lies partly in Imphal East (Jiribam Sub-division) district and partly in Tamenglong district. The terrain is hilly, being part of the West Manipur Hills. Tropical Wet Evergreen and Semi-evergreen Forest dominate (A.U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003). This site is important for forest birds.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: This is a Data Deficient site and should be surveyed on a priority basis. The Green Peafowl Pavo muticus was found in the area till 1960s. Stray birds might still occur. Local villagers belonging to the Zeliangrong Naga reported of encountering stray Green Peafowl along the Jiri River during 1990s. BirdLife International (2001) considers it as globally threatened. Other threatened birds reported but not confirmed include the White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata and Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis. The Near-Threatened Great Pied Buceros bicornis and Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli are, however, found in the area (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Seven species of primates are present, including the Capped Langur Trachypithecus pileata and Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock.

Carnivores include the Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Leopard Panthera pardus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis and Gaur Bos frontalis (Choudhury 2002). There are past records of the Gharial Gavialis gangeticus from thr Makru River (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
MAIN THREATS: Felling of trees; Jhum cultivation; Poaching of birds; Insurgency.

Although it was notified as a wildlife sanctuary, enforcement is still inadequate. Felling of trees, jhum cultivation and poaching of birds are the main issues.

Key contributor: Anwaruddin Choudhury.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Jiri - Makru Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 21/09/2023.