Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: Thejaswi Shivanand (in litt. 2003) who visited Narayanadurga Hill which forms the northern boundary of the Melkote Temple WLS, many times for birdwarching, noted 173 species till September 2002. The bird life of Narayanadurga is generally characteristic of a dry scrub forest, with the main attraction being the Yellowthroated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus. Shivanand counted between 28 to 35 individuals in this IBA. They are generally seen in threes or fours, but flocks up to 30 are also seen in this IBA (T. Shivanand in litt. 2003). This site is mainly selected on the basis of presence of a good population of Vulnerable Yellow-throated Bulbul.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Besides the Grey Wolf, carnivores include of Leopard Panthera pardus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus and Red Fox Vulpes vulpes.
Chital Axis axis and Wild Boar Sus scrofa are their main natural prey.
Grazing of livestock leading to soil erosion, is the major problem. There is no village inside the Sanctuary, but the surrounding area is heavily populated by humans and livestock. Wolf, Hyena Hyaena hyaena and Leopard attack the livestock, resulting in much resentment among farmers. There is practically no management of the Sanctuary which has only two forest guards looking after 50 sq. km of highly disturbed area. The Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra, the main natural prey of the Wolf Canis lupus has disappeared. Encroachment by marginal and large farmers is rampant. Scrub forest, on which the Yellow-throated Bulbul depends, has been thinned down at several places. Illegal quarrying occurs in the Sanctuary. Despite the fact that the forest is the catchment area for Thonnur irrigation tank, there does not appear to be any concern among the authorities or local communities to protect the forest.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Melkote Temple Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2022.