Kalatop Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary

Country/territory: India

IBA Criteria met: A1, A2 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 6,100 ha

Bombay Natural History Society
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2003 high not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
The Sanctuary lies in the catchment area of the Beas River, and contains patches of good coniferous and Oak Forests. Khajjiar is a meadow, with a small lake in the centre, which is a popular tourist spot. The Sanctuary is drained by several tributaries of the Ravi River, which lies just north of it. The golden domed temple at the edge of this meadow is also situated inside the Sanctuary. The terrain is steep to very steep, with many rocky cliffs, good for Himalayan Tahr Hemitragus jemlahicus and Ibex Capra sibirica. Most of the Sanctuary is forested, the main forest types being Ban Oak Quercus incana, Cedar Cedrus deodara and Western Mixed Coniferous, interspersed with alpine pasture (Department of Forest Farming and Conservation 1984). Cedar and Blue Pine Pinus wallichiana are predominant in lower altitude coniferous forest, and mixed with some Moru Oak Quercus dilatata and Rhododendron Rhododendron arboreum.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: Some 117 species of birds were recorded by Gaston et al. (1981a) in the Ravi Valley, including the Dalhousie-Chamba area. Published information specific to Kalatop-Khajjiar is limited to pheasants. Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha and Kaleej Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos are common. One or two Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii were heard calling at Khajjar in November 1978, and January 1979 (Gaston et al. 1981b). The Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus reportedly visits the site in winter (Gaston et al. 1981a, 1981b). Thakur et al. (2002) have reported 66 bird species but there would be many more. Practically no work has been done on the avifauna, so this site can be considered as Data Deficient.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Almost all mammals of the high altitude areas of Himachal Pradesh are known to occur in Kalatop-Khajjair Sanctuary but their status and population structure is not known. Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis is considered fairly common. Goral Nemorhaedus goral is also seen at slightly lower elevations, with Indian Muntjak Muntiacus muntjak and Leopard Panthera pardus.

Key contributors: Sanjeeva Pandey, S. Sathyakumar and Murari Thakur.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kalatop Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 10/12/2022.