Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: Eighty-four species of birds have been identified (Choudhury 1995a) including some threatened and Near Threatened species. This site has been identified as an IBA based on the presence of three threatened species, notably the Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus and two species of Gyps vultures. At least three pairs of Lesser Adjutant nest in Borajan RF. Locally it is called Godul (Choudhury 1995a). Many lowland birds of the Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests of Assam, of which only fragments are left, are found here. The Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris and the Near Threatened Great Pied Hornbill Buceros bicornis are occasional visitors to Bherjan and Podumoni. The site lies in Biome-9 (Indo-Chinese Tropical Moist Forest) as classified by BirdLife International (undated).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Other fauna of the Sanctuary include the Short-tailed Mole Euroscaptor micrura, Slow Loris Nycticebus coucang, Pig-tailed Macaque Macaca nemestrina, Rhesus Macaque M. mulatta, Assamese Macaque M. assamensis, Capped Langur Trachypithecus pileatus, Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock, Stump-tailed Macaque M. arctoides (locally extinct), Chinese Pangolin Manis pentadactyla, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Leopard Cat Prionailurus bengalensis, Leopard Panthera pardus, Tiger P. tigris (stray), Asian Elephant Elephas maximus (stray), Common Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista petaurista, Pallas’s Squirrel Callosciurus erythraeus, Malayan Giant Squirrel Ratufa bicolor, Chinese Porcupine Hystrix hodgsoni, Wild Boar Sus scrofa and Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak.
The presence of a forest village in Borajan causes much biotic pressure. This village (Palga Forest village) could be relocated. No more encroachment by the ‘Forest villagers’ should be allowed. Roads passing through the middle of Bherjan and Borajan RFs should be aligned along the boundaries. The powerline passing through Borajan RF also needs to be realigned outside the forest area. Since all the forests are small, they should be fenced off. An awareness campaign is also necessary in the fringe villages and tea gardens. The possibility of rescue and translocation of “village” Hoolock Gibbons to Bherjan Reserve Forest may be explored. Due to wanton felling in the village woodlands to the north and east of Bherjan, the Hoolock Gibbons in those areas are under threat. In the degraded portions of the Sanctuary, the regeneration is excellent and only a small plantation may be required. The adjacent tea estates could raise plantations of selected species of trees and bamboo on their fringe areas. This will greatly supplement the range and food of the primates and birds, without any loss to the estates. Among birds, poachers mainly target Kaleej Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos and Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus, the later is locally exterminated in Podumoni and Bherjan forests, while extremely rare in Borajan.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bherjan-Borajan-Podumoni Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/08/2022.