Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary

Year of compilation: 2004

Site description (baseline)
Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 120 km from Hyderabad by road. It is a mixed dry deciduous forest with patches of scrub and grassy banks. The terrain is undulating, with low hills and small waterbodies. Adjacent to the Sanctuary is the Pocharam Reservoir on River Manjira, about 70 km downstream from Manjira Wildlife Santuary (an IBA). The lake area has extensive marshy fringes and abundant aquatic vegetation typical of the region. The islands were originally wooded, but have recently been cleared. The surrounding area is mainly agricultural lands with scattered Acacia spp.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: More than 70 bird species are reported to be present in Pocharam (Forest Department records.) The lake is known to support a variety of both resident and migratory waterfowl. Large numbers of shorebirds are also present.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The mammalian fauna in this site includes Leopard Panthera pardus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Chital Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, Hyena Hyaena hyaena and Golden Jackal Canis aureus.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
MAIN THREATS: Unsustainable Forestry; Agricultural activities.

The reservoir was declared a Sanctuary to afford protection to the Marsh crocodile Crocodylus palustris.

Key contributor: IBA Team.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 02/06/2023.