ES095
Gallocanta lake This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2011

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Common Crane Grus grus LC passage 2009 max 48,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter 2009 max 25,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT resident 2006 40-115 individuals A1, C1, C6
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU non-breeding 2011 max 158 individuals A1, C1
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU resident 2011 21-55 individuals A1, C1
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC non-breeding 2009 min 100 individuals C6
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 2009 25-30 breeding pairs C6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC non-breeding 2009 min 350 individuals C6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 2009 25-50 breeding pairs C6
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC resident 2007 - C6
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC passage 2009 max 35 individuals C6
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC resident 2009 min 20 breeding pairs C6
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 2006 min 14 breeding pairs C6
Dupont's Lark Chersophilus duponti NT resident 2007 min 31 males A1, C1
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 2009 max 48,000 individuals A4iv, B1iv, C5

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 very high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial 70 40 - moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland Humid grasslands 15 25 - good (> 90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water 15 35 - good (> 90%) near favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard 150 2 individuals 2 very unfavourable
Aythya ferina Common Pochard 150 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Mareca strepera Gadwall 20 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Fulica atra Common Coot 1200 0 individuals 0 very unfavourable
Grus grus Common Crane 50000 50000 individuals 100 favourable
Himantopus himantopus 2800 20 breeding pairs 1 very unfavourable
Chlidonias hybrida Whiskered Tern 100 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Sterna nilotica 25 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Circus pygargus Montagu's Harrier 10 2 breeding pairs 20 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sierras de Pardos y Santa Cruz Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 5,672 protected area overlaps with site 914
Parameras de Blancas Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 4,033 protected area overlaps with site 584
Montes de La Cuenca de Gallocanta Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 5,328 protected area overlaps with site 0
Los Romerales - Cerropozuelo Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 7,899 protected area overlaps with site 0
Laguna de Gallocanta National Game Reserve 6,720 protected area contained by site 6,720
Laguna de Gallocanta Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 2,813 protected area contained by site 2,813
Laguna de Gallocanta Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6,720 protected area contained by site 6,720
Laguna de Gallocanta Reserva Natural Dirigida 1,924 protected area contained by site 0
Hoces de Torralba - Río Piedra Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 3,037 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cuenca de Gallocanta Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 15,221 protected area contained by site 15,494
Balsa Grande y Balsa Pequeña Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 16 protected area contained by site 16

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands, Mesophile grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Ruderal land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gallocanta lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/05/2020.