The site encompasses a spectacular area of the central Pyrenees with many peaks over 3,000 m. There are large areas of bare rock and canyons and also Pinus and Fagus forests. Human activities include tourism, forestry, game hunting, and cattle-grazing.
Breeding birds include five of the 10 species in Europe that are restricted to the Eurasian high-montane biome (when breeding).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threat is disturbance from skiers and the development of the ski infrastructure.
National Partial International Partial31,800 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Ordesa y Monte Perdido, 35,287 ha). 13,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Los Circos, 27,119 ha). 15,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Viñamala, 49,230 ha). 20,000 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Ordesa-Viñamala, 51,396 ha). 15,608 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Ordesa y Monte Perdido, 15,608 ha).