Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range

Country/territory: Spain

IBA criteria met: A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C5, C6 (2011)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 43,832 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2007 not assessed high not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2000 baseline)
A mountainous area along the border with France. The site has extensive Fagus and Abies forests, including the largest Fagus forest in Spain. The main human activities are forestry, livestock-farming and hunting.

Key biodiversity
The site is very important for forest species. In particular it holds 90% of the Iberian population of Dendrocopos leucotos as well as breeding Dryocopus martius. The site is a major migratory bottleneck, where more than 20,000 cranes and more than 3,000 raptors regularly pass in autumn, including Pernis apivorus (mean 5,235 per season), Milvus milvus (mean 2,072 per season) and Grus grus (maximum 20,100).

Raptors MOU - IBA listed under Table 3 of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range. Downloaded from on 23/09/2023.