ES291
San Pedro mountain range


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2011

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT resident 2005 min 500 individuals A1, C1
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU resident 2003 min 30 individuals A1, C1
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC passage 2003 min 80 individuals B1i, C2
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding 2010 min 6 breeding pairs B1i, C2
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis LC breeding 2004 min 6,700 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C3
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo LC resident 2003 min 25 breeding pairs B2, C6
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN breeding 2008 min 28 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 2008 min 149 breeding pairs C2, C6
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT resident 2006 336 breeding pairs A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti VU resident 2006 min 24 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata LC resident 2005 min 8 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus LC breeding 2003 min 17 breeding pairs C2, C6
Red Kite Milvus milvus NT winter 2005 min 600 individuals A1, A4ii, B1iii, B3, C1
Red Kite Milvus milvus NT resident 2005 55-75 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C2
Black Kite Milvus migrans LC breeding 2003 min 50 breeding pairs C6
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding 2002 110-135 breeding pairs B2, C2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2008 very high favourable medium
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes introduced genetic material happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Otis tarda Great Bustard 150 150 individuals 100 favourable
Ciconia nigra Black Stork 9 9 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret 1100 1100 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bubo bubo Eurasian Eagle-owl 25 25 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture 21 21 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Gyps fulvus Griffon Vulture 40 40 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture 168 168 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Aquila adalberti Spanish Imperial Eagle 20 20 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Aquila fasciata Bonelli's Eagle 10 10 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Hieraaetus pennatus Booted Eagle 50 50 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Milvus migrans 100 100 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel 50 50 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sierra de San Pedro Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 138,679 protected area contained by site 115,032
Riveras de Carbajo y Calatrucha Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,066 protected area overlaps with site 19
Rivera de Membrio Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 639 protected area overlaps with site 185
Rivera de los Molinos y la Torre Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 521 protected area overlaps with site 137
Rivera de Aurela Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,069 protected area overlaps with site 294
Río Tajo Internacional y Riberos Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 6,916 protected area overlaps with site 1,817
Río Salor Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 391 protected area overlaps with site 59
Río Gevora Alto Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 2,826 protected area overlaps with site 2,377
Río Aljucén Bajo Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 426 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Regato Guadalto Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 262 protected area overlaps with site 173
Nacimiento del Río Gevora Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 20 protected area contained by site 20,024
Llanos de Cáceres y Sierra de Fuentes Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 42,668 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Embalse de Horno-Tejero Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 401 protected area contained by site 265
Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 3,437 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Corredor del Lacara Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 649 protected area overlaps with site 474
Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de San Vicente de Alcántara Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 8,422 protected area contained by site 3
Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Alburquerque Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 8,717 protected area contained by site 42
Cedillo y Río Tajo Internacional Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 22,698 protected area overlaps with site 1,189

Local conservation groups

The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
ADENEX 0
CES 0
FUNDACIÓN CB HABITAT (MMA) 0
MUNDOBRIGA 0
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local conservation groups please click here.

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland -
Shrubland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water, Rivers and streams -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs -
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves, Forestry plantations -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
other -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: San Pedro mountain range. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2019.