ES284
Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2011

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter 2008 20,000-40,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C2
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT winter 2006 min 2,000 individuals A1, C1
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT resident 2005 min 1,700 individuals A1, B2, C1, C2
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU resident 2008 250-300 individuals A1, B2, C1, C2
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC passage 2011 min 150 individuals B1i, C2
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC winter 2011 min 25 individuals B1i, C2
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding 2008 4-5 breeding pairs B1i, C2
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC resident 2008 400-500 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Egretta garzetta NR breeding 2011 min 135 breeding pairs C6
Himantopus himantopus NR breeding 2007 min 200 breeding pairs C6
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 2010 903-12,820 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C3
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC non-breeding 2005 min 800 individuals B1i, B2, C2, C6
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding 2010 min 275 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sterna nilotica NR breeding 2011 max 1,100 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus LC winter 2010 244-10,000 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus LC resident 2008 22-25 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti VU non-breeding 2009 min 10 individuals A1, C1
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata LC resident 2009 min 7 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 2009 min 60 breeding pairs B3, C2, C6
Red Kite Milvus milvus NT winter 2008 200-300 individuals A1, C1
European Roller Coracias garrulus LC breeding 2008 min 25 breeding pairs A1, C1
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding 2002 209-245 breeding pairs B1iii, B2, C2, C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2011 low not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - scale unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Artificial - aquatic 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Vegas del Ruecas, Cubilar y Moheda Alta Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 44 protected area contained by site 14,213
Río Guadiana Alto - Zujar Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 3,081 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Refugio del Alto de San Blas Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 5 protected area contained by site 5
Llanos de Zorita y Embalse de Sierra Brava Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 285 protected area overlaps with site 16,734
La Serena y Sierras Periféricas Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 24,135 protected area is adjacent to site 0
La Serena Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 148,159 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Embalse de Orellana y Sierra de Pela Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 8,410 protected area contained by site 42,610
Embalse de Orellana Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 5,500 protected area contained by site 5,500
Dehesas del Ruecas y Cubilar Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 7,443 protected area contained by site 6,882
Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Acedera Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 36,463 protected area contained by site 1
Arrozales de Palazuelo y Guadalperales Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 15,877 protected area overlaps with site 5,239

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land, Forestry plantations -
Artificial - aquatic -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/04/2019.