ES204
Toledo mountains-Cabañeros


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2011

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC passage 2004 min 100 individuals B1i, C2, C6
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding 2011 5-6 breeding pairs B1i, C2, C6
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo LC resident 2004 min 50 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT resident 2011 min 260 breeding pairs A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti VU resident 2009 34-39 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 2008 min 26 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala LC resident 2009 - A3
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata LC breeding 2009 - A3
Sylvia cantillans NR breeding 2009 - A3
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica LC breeding 2009 - A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2008 high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information poor

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Aquila adalberti Spanish Imperial Eagle 12 25 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle 20 15 breeding pairs 75 near favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
ZEPA Montes de Toledo Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 134,308 protected area overlaps with site 170,895
Rios de la margen izquierda del Tajo y berrocales del Tajo Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 13,473 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Ríos de la cuenca media del Guadiana y laderas vertientes Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 23,484 protected area overlaps with site 4,587
Montes de Toledo Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 218,003 protected area overlaps with site 170,895
Lagunas de Alcoba y Horcajo de Los Montes Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 20 protected area contained by site 20
Laguna Volcánica de la Alberquilla Natural Monument 111 protected area contained by site 40,000
Estena Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 7,866 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland, Alluvial and very wet forest, Broadleaved evergreen woodland -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Toledo mountains-Cabañeros. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/11/2019.