The Rock of Gibraltar is dominated by a dense cover of maquis and garrigue, including many important fruit-bearing shrubs that support large passerine populations on passage and during the winter.
Gibraltar is a well-known migratory bottleneck site for birds of prey, with an estimated 250,000 raptors crossing the Strait in a season. If the winds are right then most of these pass over Gibraltar, and numbers may in fact be higher. It is also a stop-over site for passerines and near-passerines, with a rapid turnover of birds on passage during both northward and southward migration.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
A number of military sites are designated as conservation areas. 197 ha of the Rock of Gibraltar are proposed as a SPA under the EC Birds Directive, and as a SAC under the EC Habitats Directive.
National Low International None45 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Upper Rock, 45 ha).
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rock of Gibraltar. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2021.