ES074
Talamanca-Camarma


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2011 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT resident 2010 67-115 individuals A1, C1, C6
Great Bustard Otis tarda EN resident 2010 min 158 individuals A1, C1, C6
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC resident 2009 8-40 breeding pairs C6
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti VU resident 2011 2-3 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C2
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC breeding 2009 1-5 breeding pairs C6
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 2009 3-9 breeding pairs C6
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding 2009 20-30 breeding pairs C6

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2011).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2007 near favourable very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes population good

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Otis tarda Great Bustard 484 408 breeding pairs 85 near favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Estepas cerealistas de los ríos Jarama y Henares Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 33,230 protected area contained by site 33,110
Estepas cerealistas de La Campiña Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 2,497 protected area contained by site 2,497
Cuencas de los ríos Jarama y Henares Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 36,063 protected area overlaps with site 32,126

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest, Broadleaved evergreen woodland -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
urban/industrial/transport -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Talamanca-Camarma. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/talamanca-camarma-iba-spain on 29/02/2024.