The site covers the foothills of the Sistema Central, immediately to the north of Madrid. It is an area of dehesa and grassland.
Breeding birds include six of the 20 species in Europe that are restricted to the Mediterranean biome (when breeding).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threat is the expansion of nearby conurbations and associated infrastructure such as the construction of new roads. The river is threatened by industrial pollution. Introduced mink Mustela vison may also be a threat.
National Partial International Partial15,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Cuenca Alta del Rio Manzanares, 46,323 ha). 15,000 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Cuenca Alta del Rio Manzanares, 101,300 ha). 14,774 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Monte de El Pardo, 14,774 ha). 4,532 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Soto de Viñuelas, 4,532 ha).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: El Pardo-Viñuelas. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2020.