IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2011

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 2006 24,023 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis LC resident 2006 10-30 breeding pairs C2, C6
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata LC resident 1987 min 50 breeding pairs C6
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax NT resident 2006 min 500 individuals A1, C1
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU resident 2006 2,501 individuals A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC breeding 2006 72 breeding pairs C6
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC resident 2006 min 257 breeding pairs B1i, C2, C6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 2006 min 309 breeding pairs B1i, C2, C6
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus LC resident 2006 7 breeding pairs C6
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 2002 40-45 breeding pairs C2, C6
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding 2006 556 breeding pairs B1iii, B2, C2, C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2008 high not assessed high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Villafáfila National Game Reserve 42,000 protected area contained by site 32,682
Penillanuras-Campos Sur Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 23,923 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lagunas y Pastizales Salinos De Villafáfila Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 4,208 protected area contained by site 4,220
Lagunas de Villafáfila Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 32,533 is identical to site 32,549
Lagunas de Villafáfila Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 2,714 protected area contained by site 2,854
Lagunas de Villafafila Reserva Natural 32,529 is identical to site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Villafáfila. Downloaded from on 28/11/2020.