|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
|For more information about IBA monitoring please click here|
The Penaga-Kuala Muda area consists of a stretch coastal tidal mudflats and mangroves located north of mainland Pulau Pinang. Rice cultivation, coconut groves, fruit orchards dominate the landscape further inland. Other agriculture-related activities include medium-scale cattle rearing and aquaculture. Fishing villages dot the coastal stretch.
61 species indentified. Important are for waterbirds especially shorebirds and egrets. The rural-like environment also supports several Biome-restricted species.Near-threatened species Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis, Asian Dowitcher (Yeap et al., 2003)Over 500 Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus and over 3,000 Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava roost at this site.1% world population of Chinese Pond-Heron
Non-bird biodiversity: (I) Globally threatened mammals (IUCN, 2002): NEAR THREATENED: Long-tailed Macaque Macaca fascicularisSilver leaf monkey(II) Globally threatened reptiles (IUCN, 2002): No information.(III) Globally threatened plants (IUCN, 2002): No information.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Teluk Air Tawar-Kuala Muda coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/11/2019.