Gunung Mutis

Year of compilation: 2003

Site description
Gunung Mutis is the biggest mountain forest in western Timor and it has Eucalyptus urophylla vegetation (MacKinnon 1982, Coates 1997, Lesmana 2000).

Key biodiversity
The restricted-range bird in this area dominated by highland species such as Chestnut-backed Thrush Zoothera dohertyi and Olive-headed Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles (Lesmana 2000).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Livestock grazing, forest fires, firewood collection, illegal hunting, clearence of land for housing and plantation and uncontrol tourism activities (Noske & Saleh 1996, Monk, Lesmana

Protected areas
Proposed for the first time as Wildlife Sanctuary (10000 ha) (MacKinnon 1982). Declared as Nature Reserve (12000 ha) based on SK Menteri Kehutanan No. 89/Kpts-II/1983 (Monk 1997, Lesmana 2000). Gunung Mutis Nature Reserve proposed to be extended to 4000 ha (BKSDA VII 1997, Monk 1997). Gunung Muntis and Gunung Timau are proposed by WWF to be merged.

Habitat and land use
From 1900 m asl covered by upper mountain forest. 1200-1700 m - open area dominated by Eucalyptus urophylla and small size area of mixed montane forest. (Monk 1997)

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gunung Mutis. Downloaded from on 04/10/2022.