Gunung Timau

Site description (2003 baseline):

Site location and context
The topography is hilly. The forest extends from altitude 200 m asl.

Key biodiversity
Five from six globally threatened species live in this area (Lesmana 2000). New discovery in this century for Wetar Ground-dove Gallicolumba hoedtii also from this area. Follow up survey is needed especially for Timor Black Pigeon Turacoena modesta, Timor Imperial Pigeon Ducula cineracea, Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea, Wetar Ground-dove Gallicolumba hoedtii and Timor Green Pigeon Treron psittacea. Two of new species for Timor Island is Black-eared Cuckoo Chrysococcyx osculans and Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus live in this area. This area is one of the most threatened site in Timor.

Habitat and land use
Eucalyptus urophylla forest on 1200-1640 m. Semi-evergreen forest on 500-1400 m. The lower area covered by savanna forest dominated by Eucalyptus alba, Casuarina junghuhniana and semi-deciduous forest regeneration. The area is the best and biggest lowland forest on Timor Island (Lesmana

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Burning forest, hunting and livestock grazing at forest area (MacKinnon 1982, Lesmana 2000)

Protected areas
15000 ha of this area is proposed as a Wildlife Sanctuary (MacKinnon 1982). WWF proposed to merged Gunung Muntis with Timau as a National Park.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Gunung Timau. Downloaded from on 08/12/2023.