This area is devided into South Tambora and North Tambora. Gunung Tambora erupted in 1815 and regarded as the biggest eruption in the history (Jepson & Monk 1995).
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea has become very difficult to find in this area.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Rattan collection and timber collection (MacKinnon et.al 1982).
30000 ha of South Tambora is declared as Hunting Park based on SK. Menteri Pertanian No. 676/Kpts/Um/11/1978 (Anon 1998). The North Tambora is proposed to be merged with South Tambora as Wildlife Sanctuary with total area 110000 ha (Jepson and Monk 1995).
Habitat and land use
Outer slope of South Tambora covered by primary forest and dominated by Duabanga moluccana. Southeast part of valley and most of southern part of Gunung Tambora covered by coarse grass. North Tambora is covered by good forest and dominated by Duabanga moluccana (MacKinnon et.al 1982). Duabanga moluccana forest on lower slope up to 1200 m, it is the best example in Nusa Tenggara. Above 1200 m is Casuarina forest and there is homogenous vegetation of Dodonaea viscosa (MacKinnon et.al 1982).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gunung Tambora. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2022.