Gunung Tambora

Year of compilation: 2003

Site description
This area is devided into South Tambora and North Tambora. Gunung Tambora erupted in 1815 and regarded as the biggest eruption in the history (Jepson & Monk 1995).

Key biodiversity
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea has become very difficult to find in this area.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Rattan collection and timber collection (MacKinnon 1982).

Protected areas
30000 ha of South Tambora is declared as Hunting Park based on SK. Menteri Pertanian No. 676/Kpts/Um/11/1978 (Anon 1998). The North Tambora is proposed to be merged with South Tambora as Wildlife Sanctuary with total area 110000 ha (Jepson and Monk 1995).

Habitat and land use
Outer slope of South Tambora covered by primary forest and dominated by Duabanga moluccana. Southeast part of valley and most of southern part of Gunung Tambora covered by coarse grass. North Tambora is covered by good forest and dominated by Duabanga moluccana (MacKinnon 1982). Duabanga moluccana forest on lower slope up to 1200 m, it is the best example in Nusa Tenggara. Above 1200 m is Casuarina forest and there is homogenous vegetation of Dodonaea viscosa (MacKinnon 1982).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gunung Tambora. Downloaded from on 04/12/2022.