Gunung Halimun

Site description (1999 baseline):

Site location and context
This area has high rainfall and has important hydrological function, because this area is on the upper stream of Cisadane river. Badui people live in the western part of this area, and still practise their tradisional lifestyle without influence from outside (Whitten personal communication.1991). There are around 44 villages around of area (data in 1976). Some of villages are located inside the buffer zone of Halimun National Park, and 4 villages is in the enclave (Directorate General of Tourism , undated).

Key biodiversity

Non-bird biodiversity: Cuon alpinus, Panthera pardus, Hylobates moloch, Presbytis comata, Trachypithecus auratus (MacKinnon 1982, Hedges & Tyson 1996, Whitten 1996)

Habitat and land use
Forest ecosystem in this area includes lowland and mountain forest (MacKinnon 1982).Habitat type devided into lowland rainforest (< 1000 m), lower mountain forest (1000-1500 m) and upper mountain rainforest (1500-3000 m).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Gold mining, forest cutting and wildlife hunting (MacKinnon 1982)

Protected areas
Declared as National Park (40000 ha) based on SK. Menteri Kehutanan No. 282/Kpts-II/92 on 26 February 1992 (Anon 1997, Anon 1998). Merged with Gunung Salak (IBA JID12) as Halimun-Salak National Park based on SK Menhut No. 175, on 10 June 2003 (Kompas, 2003).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Gunung Halimun. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.