Bukit Barisan Selatan

Site description (2003 baseline):

Site location and context
The third largest National Park in Sumatra which located on the south-west of Sumatra.

Key biodiversity
Although some threatened wetland birds such Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilus javanicus and White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata exist in this area, but this area is characteristized with restricted-range bird species and bird species in medium-high level altitude. Two restricted-range bird species identified near Liwa are Black-crowned Pitta Pitta venusta and Trichastoma buettikoferi. Along the beach in Belimbing Beach Thick-knee Burhinus giganteus (the only record for Sumatra ?).

Non-bird biodiversity: Aonyx cinerea, Cervus unicolor, Dicerorninus sumatraensis, Elephas maximus, Helarctos malayanus, Hylobates agilis, Hystrix bracyura, Hylobates syndactylus, Lutra sumatrana, Martes flavigula, Neofelis nebulosa, Panthera tigris, Presbytis cristata, Presbytis melalophos and Tapirus indicus (O'Brien & Kinnaird 1996, Verbelen 2000).

Habitat and land use
Lower mountain forest, lower mountain evergreen forest, and coastal forest formation.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Forest clearence for agriculture/plantation, illegal logging and forest fire in 1997 (O'Brien

Protected areas
Declared as National Park (365000 ha) on 14 October 1982 based on SK Mentan No. 736/Mentan/X/82 (Anon 1998).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Bukit Barisan Selatan. Downloaded from on 01/10/2023.