Located in Shimen County, near the border between Hunan and Hubei provinces. The northern part of the IBA links to Wufeng and Hefeng counties in Hubei. There are seven rivers in the nature reserve. The forest area below 800 m has been largely replaced by agricultural crops and plantations, but most of the IBA above 800 m has well-established secondary forests.
Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Davidia involucrate. Animals include Panthera tigris amoyensis, Selenarctos thibetanus, Capricornis sumatraensis and Naemorhedus goral.
Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Established as a nature reserve in 1982, and upgraded to a national nature reserve (66,570 ha) in 1994.