Located in Sanmenxia City, north-west Henan Province. In winter, when the reservoir is storing water, it may extend for 100 km in length and be 5 km wide and the water can be up to 324 m in depth. In summer and autumn, when the water is released from the reservoir, it has a maximum width of 4 km and the shallow areas will be exposed.
Non-bird biodiversity: No information.
Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Established as a provincial-level nature reserve (19,544 ha) in 1995, the IBA is within Henan Yellow River Wetland National Nature Reserve (68,000 ha) which was established in 2003.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sanmenxia Dam Nature Reserve. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 19/01/2022.