Maolan Nature Reserve

Year of compilation: 2009

Site description
Located in southern Guizhou, adjacent to the border with northern Guangxi. The reserve extends 22.8 km from east to west and 21.8 km from north to south. It has a karst limestone landscape, and the characteristic forest that grows on karst. Forest cover is over 90%.

Key biodiversity

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Tsuga tckekiangensis, Pinus kwangtungensis. Animals include Panthera tigris, Panthera pardus, Selenarctos thibetanus, Capricornis sumatraensis and Moschus berezovskii. Nationally protected plants include Handeliodendron bodinieri and Calocedrus macrolepis.

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Established as a nature reserve in 1985, and upgraded to a national nature reserve (20,000 ha) in 1988. Maolan was designated in 1996 as a ‘Biosphere Reserve’ under UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Maolan Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 20/05/2022.