Site description (2009 baseline):

Site location and context
Located in the central-northern section of the Ailao Shan mountain range, the IBA is the watershed of the Yuan Jiang, Babian Jiang and Amo Jaing rivers. The nature reserve was mainly established to protect the broadleaf evergreen forest ecosystem. It has 71.5% forest cover, and protects the largest area of broadleaf evergreen forest remaining in China, with many plants that are endemic to Yunnan.

Key biodiversity

Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected plants include Ginkgo biloba, Tetracentron sinense and Calocedrus macrolepis. Animals include Neofelis nebulosa, Selenarctos thibetanus, Viverra zibetha, Viverricula indica, Prionodon pardicolor, Manis pentadactyla, Cervus unicolor, Naemorhedus goral, Presbytis phayrei, Hylobates concolor and Felis temmincki.

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Established as a provincial-level nature reserve in 1986, and upgraded to a national nature reserve (67,700 ha) in 1988.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Ailaoshan. Downloaded from on 23/09/2023.