Solovetski Archipelago and Zjizjginski island

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2008

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Common Eider Somateria mollissima NT breeding 1996 1,600-2,100 breeding pairs B1i
Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri VU non-breeding 1994 200-1,000 individuals A1, A4i, B1i
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula LC non-breeding 1994 700-1,000 individuals B1i
Mew Gull Larus canus LC breeding 1996 660-800 breeding pairs B2
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea LC breeding 2006 5,000-12,500 breeding pairs A4i, B1i

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 medium not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information poor

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Solovetsky Historical-natural Museum / Zapovednik 34,700 protected area contained by site 30,000

Local conservation groups

The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Caretakers of Solovetskiye ostrova 2004
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local conservation groups please click here.


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Wooded tundra -
Grassland Tundra -
Sea Open Sea, Sea inlets and coastal features -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Raised bogs, Rivers and streams, Fens, transition mires and springs -
Coastline Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Forestry plantations, Other urban and industrial areas -
Unknown -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Solovetski Archipelago and Zjizjginski island. Downloaded from on 14/08/2022.