Kandalaksha Bay

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Common Eider Somateria mollissima NT breeding 1988 9,500 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Common Eider Somateria mollissima NT non-breeding 1988 10,000-12,000 individuals B1i
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula LC non-breeding 1988 10,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle LC breeding 1988 300-500 breeding pairs B1ii, B2
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC breeding 1988 12 breeding pairs A1, B2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding 1988 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Polyarnyi Krug Zakaznik 28,300 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kandalakshsky Zapovednik 70,530 protected area overlaps with site 52,105
Kandalaksha Bay Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 208,000 protected area overlaps with site 208,000
Granitoidy o-va Mikkov Nature Monument 10 protected area overlaps with site 0

Local Conservation Groups

The Local Conservation Groups listed below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Caretaker of Kandalakshski Zaliv 2004
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local Conservation Groups, please click here.


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Kandalaksha Bay. Downloaded from on 24/09/2023.