Vaygach island

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus LC breeding - 75,000 breeding pairs A3, A4i, B1i
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis LC breeding 1987 2,500-3,000 breeding pairs A3, A4i, B1i, B3
Bean Goose Anser fabalis LC breeding 1987 33,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC breeding 1984 100,000 breeding pairs A3, A4i, B1i
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis VU breeding 1987 20,000 breeding pairs A3, A4i, B1i
Goosander Mergus merganser LC breeding 1987 2,500-3,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus VU breeding 1991 5 breeding pairs A3, B2
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC breeding 1991 10 breeding pairs B2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Vajgachskiy Zakaznik 333,000 protected area contained by site 333,000


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Tundra -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Vaygach island. Downloaded from on 22/02/2024.