Site description (2000 baseline)
A reserve on the heavily-eroded slopes of the Bozdag ridge, in the southern foothills of the Great Caucasus. The principal habitats are steppe and sparse, arid forest mainly of Juniperus with Pistacia and, less so, Quercus. A small patch of tugai forest along Turianchai river of Alnus, Salix, Populus, etc.
At least 112 species recorded, with c.60 passerines. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus, Aquila heliaca, Falco naumanni (status uncertain, perhaps only on passage). Among other raptors in the best area for birds of prey in Azerbaijan are: Gypaetus barbatus, Neophron percnopterus, Gyps fulvus, Circaetus gallicus, Aquila pomarina, A. clanga (passage only), Hieraaetus fasciatus (pair in April 1991). Merops superciliosus, Coracias garrulus and Emberiza melanocephala also occur and huge numbers of Turdus thrushes winter in the reserve when there is a good Juniperus berry crop.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Turianchai. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/turianchai-iba-azerbaijan on 03/10/2023.