NP018
Parsa Wildlife Reserve


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus LC resident 2002 present A3
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus LC resident 2002 present A3
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus LC resident 2002 present A3
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii LC resident 2002 present A3
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus NT resident 2002 present A1
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa LC resident 2002 present A3
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis CR resident 2002 rare A1, A3
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris CR resident 2002 rare A1, A3
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa LC resident 2002 present A3
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis VU resident 2002 present A1
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris LC resident 2002 present A3
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus LC resident 2002 present A3
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense LC resident 2002 present A3
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis LC resident 2002 present A3
Plum-headed Parakeet Himalayapsitta cyanocephala LC resident 2002 present A3
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus LC resident 2002 present A3
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus LC resident 2002 present A3
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola LC resident 2002 present A3
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens LC resident 2002 present A3
Bengal Bushlark Mirafra assamica LC resident 2002 present A3
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla VU resident 2002 present A1
Jungle Babbler Argya striata LC resident 2002 present A3
Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum LC resident 2002 present A3
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnia malabarica LC resident 2002 present A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2011 very unfavourable high medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat medium

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable
Grassland 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Parsa - Buffer Zone मध्यवर्ती क्षेत्र 29,817 protected area overlaps with site 0
Parsa वन्यजन्तु आरक्ष 49,900 protected area overlaps with site 49,900
Chitwan National Park World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 93,200 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Chitwan - Buffer Zone मध्यवर्ती क्षेत्र 75,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Chitwan राष्ट्रिय पार्क 93,200 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
Grassland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Parsa Wildlife Reserve. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/parsa-wildlife-reserve-iba-nepal on 04/03/2024.