NP016
Makalu Barun National Park


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2005

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa LC resident 2002 present A3
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra NT resident 2002 uncommon A1
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Snow Pigeon Columba leuconota LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Speckled Woodpigeon Columba hodgsonii LC resident 2002 present A3
Ibisbill Ibidorhyncha struthersii LC resident 2002 present A3
Solitary Snipe Gallinago solitaria LC winter 1989 unknown A3
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola VU breeding 2002 uncommon A1
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis NT resident 2002 present A3
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU passage 2002 rare A1
Megalaima asiatica NR resident 1989 unknown A3
Megalaima franklinii NR resident 2002 present A3
Yellow-rumped Honeyguide Indicator xanthonotus NT resident 2002 uncommon A1
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis LC resident 2002 present A3
Darjeeling Woodpecker Dendrocopos darjellensis LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Slaty-headed Parakeet Psittacula himalayana LC resident 2002 present A3
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii LC resident 2002 present A3
Black-headed Shrike-babbler Pteruthius rufiventer LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Green Shrike-babbler Pteruthius xanthochlorus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Lalage melaschistos LC resident 2002 present A3
Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus LC breeding 2002 present A3
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus LC resident 2002 present A3
Yellow-billed Blue Magpie Urocissa flavirostris LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Yellow-browed Tit Sylviparus modestus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Rufous-vented Tit Periparus rubidiventris LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Grey-crested Tit Lophophanes dichrous LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris LC breeding 2002 present A3
Striated Prinia Prinia crinigera LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Nepal Cupwing Pnoepyga immaculata LC resident 2002 frequent A2
Scaly-breasted Cupwing Pnoepyga albiventer LC unknown 2002 present A3
Nepal House Martin Delichon nipalense LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii LC resident 2002 present A3
Hypsipetes leucocephalus NR resident 1989 unknown A3
Striated Bulbul Pycnonotus striatus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Buff-barred Warbler Phylloscopus pulcher LC breeding 1989 unknown A3
Ashy-throated Warbler Phylloscopus maculipennis LC breeding 2002 present A3
Smoky Warbler Phylloscopus fuligiventer LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Tickell's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus affinis LC breeding 1989 unknown A3
Grey-cheeked Warbler Phylloscopus poliogenys LC resident 2002 present A3
Large-billed Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris LC breeding 1989 unknown A3
Yellow-vented Warbler Phylloscopus cantator LC resident 2002 uncommon A2
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Slaty-bellied Tesia Tesia olivea LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Grey-bellied Tesia Tesia cyaniventer LC unknown 2002 present A3
Grey-sided Bush-warbler Cettia brunnifrons LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Chestnut-headed Tesia Cettia castaneocoronata LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Black-faced Warbler Abroscopus schisticeps LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni LC resident 2002 rare A2
Horornis flavolivaceus NR resident 2002 present A3
Aegithalos concinnus NR resident 1989 unknown A3
Aegithalos iouschistos NR resident 1989 unknown A3
Fire-tailed Myzornis Myzornis pyrrhoura LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Golden-breasted Fulvetta Lioparus chrysotis LC resident 2002 present A3
White-browed Fulvetta Fulvetta vinipectus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Great Parrotbill Conostoma aemodium LC resident 2002 present A3
Brown Parrotbill Cholornis unicolor LC resident 2002 present A3
Fulvous Parrotbill Suthora fulvifrons LC resident 2002 present A3
Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta LC resident 2002 present A3
Stripe-throated Yuhina Yuhina gularis LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Rufous-vented Yuhina Yuhina occipitalis LC resident 2002 present A3
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri LC resident 2002 rare A2
Rufous-throated Wren-babbler Spelaeornis caudatus NT resident 2002 uncommon A1, A2
Slender-billed Scimitar-babbler Pomatorhinus superciliaris LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler Erythrogenys erythrogenys LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Black-chinned Babbler Cyanoderma pyrrhops LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Rufous-capped Babbler Cyanoderma ruficeps LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Nepal Fulvetta Alcippe nipalensis LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Striated Laughingthrush Grammatoptila striata LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Spiny Babbler Acanthoptila nipalensis LC resident 2002 frequent A2
Spotted Laughingthrush Garrulax ocellatus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
White-throated Laughingthrush Garrulax albogularis LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Grey-sided Laughingthrush Garrulax caerulatus LC resident 2002 present A3
Scaly Laughingthrush Trochalopteron subunicolor LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Streaked Laughingthrush Trochalopteron lineatum LC unknown 2002 present A3
Black-faced Laughingthrush Trochalopteron affine LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Rufous Sibia Heterophasia capistrata LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Red-tailed Minla Minla ignotincta LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Hoary-throated Barwing Sibia nipalensis LC resident 2002 frequent A2
Blue-winged Minla Siva cyanouroptera LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Bar-throated Minla Chrysominla strigula LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Rusty-fronted Barwing Actinodura egertoni LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Rusty-flanked Treecreeper Certhia nipalensis LC resident 1989 unknown A3
White-tailed Nuthatch Sitta himalayensis LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria LC resident 2002 present A3
Grandala Grandala coelicolor LC resident 2002 present A3
Long-billed Thrush Zoothera monticola LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Purple Cochoa Cochoa purpurea LC resident 2002 present A3
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul LC resident 2002 present A3
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor LC breeding 1989 unknown A3
White-collared Blackbird Turdus albocinctus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Ferruginous Flycatcher Muscicapa ferruginea LC breeding 1989 unknown A3
Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara LC resident 2002 present A3
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae LC resident 2002 present A3
White-gorgeted Flycatcher Anthipes monileger LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Gould's Shortwing Heteroxenicus stellatus LC resident 2002 present A3
Indian Blue Robin Larvivora brunnea LC breeding 2002 present A3
White-bellied Redstart Hodgsonius phaenicuroides LC resident 2002 present A3
Calliope pectoralis NR resident 2002 present A3
Myiomela leucurum NR resident 2002 present A3
Rufous-breasted Bush-robin Tarsiger hyperythrus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
White-browed Bush-robin Tarsiger indicus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Golden Bush-robin Tarsiger chrysaeus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus LC resident 2002 present A3
Slaty-backed Flycatcher Ficedula erithacus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Slaty-blue Flycatcher Ficedula tricolor LC breeding 1989 unknown A3
Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Sapphire Flycatcher Ficedula sapphira LC resident 2002 present A3
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris LC breeding 2002 present A3
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus coeruleocephala LC breeding 2002 present A3
White-throated Redstart Phoenicurus schisticeps LC resident 2002 present A3
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus LC resident 2002 present A3
Hodgson's Redstart Phoenicurus hodgsoni LC breeding 2002 present A3
Blue-capped Rock-thrush Monticola cinclorhyncha LC breeding 2002 present A3
Spotted Elachura Elachura formosa LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Chloropsis hardwickii NR resident 1989 unknown A3
Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum melanozanthum LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Fire-tailed Sunbird Aethopyga ignicauda LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata LC resident 2002 present A3
Altai Accentor Prunella himalayana LC winter 1989 unknown A3
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Maroon-backed Accentor Prunella immaculata LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Robin Accentor Prunella rubeculoides LC resident 2002 present A3
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata LC resident 2002 present A3
Black-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla adamsi LC resident 2002 present A3
Rosy Pipit Anthus roseatus LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Collared Grosbeak Mycerobas affinis LC resident 2002 present A3
Spot-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas melanozanthos LC resident 2002 present A3
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Scarlet Finch Carpodacus sipahi LC resident 2002 present A3
Beautiful Rosefinch Carpodacus pulcherrimus LC resident 2002 present A3
Pink-browed Rosefinch Carpodacus rodochroa LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Streaked Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilloides LC resident 2002 present A3
Great Rosefinch Carpodacus rubicilla LC resident 2002 present A3
Red-fronted Rosefinch Carpodacus puniceus LC resident 2002 present A3
Crimson-browed Finch Carpodacus subhimachalus LC resident 2002 present A3
Carpodacus rodopeplus NR breeding 1989 unknown A3
Carpodacus thura NR resident 1989 unknown A3
Red-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythrocephala LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Pyrrhula nipalensis NR resident 1989 unknown A3
Gold-naped Finch Pyrrhoplectes epauletta LC breeding 1989 unknown A3
Dark-breasted Rosefinch Procarduelis nipalensis LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Brandt's Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti LC resident 1989 unknown A3
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch Chloris spinoides LC breeding 2002 present A3
Tibetan Siskin Spinus thibetanus LC winter 2002 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2011 high very unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Grassland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
सगरमाथा राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज National Park 114,800 protected area is adjacent to site 0
मकालु–बरुण राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज National Park 150,000 is identical to site 150,000
मकालु–बरुण मध्यवर्ती क्षेत्र National Park - Buffer Zone 83,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Sagarmatha National Park World Heritage Site 114,800 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial -
Forest -
Grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Makalu Barun National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/08/2019.