NP004
Chitwan National Park


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2005

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus LC resident 1989 common A3
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis VU resident 2002 rare A1
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 2002 uncommon A1
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus LC resident 1989 common A3
Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus LC resident 1989 rare A3
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii LC resident 1989 rare A3
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone VU non-breeding 2002 rare A1
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis CR resident 2002 uncommon A1, A3
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus EN breeding 2002 rare A1
Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius EN non-breeding 1983-1988 rare A1
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus VU resident 2002 frequent A1, A4i
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala NT breeding 2002 rare A1
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus NT non-breeding 2002 rare A1
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa LC resident 1989 common A3
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster NT resident 2002 uncommon A1, A4i
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis VU non-breeding 2002 rare A1
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda EN non-breeding 2004 rare A1, A4i
Dusky Eagle-owl Bubo coromandus LC resident 1989 rare A3
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus CR non-breeding 2004 rare A1
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis CR resident 2002 rare A1, A3
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris CR resident 2002 rare A1, A3
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT winter 2002 rare A1
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata VU resident 2004 rare A1
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 2002 rare A1
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 2002 rare A1
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT winter 2002 rare A1
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus EN winter 2002 rare A1
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC winter 2002 rare A1
Lesser Fish-eagle Icthyophaga humilis NT resident 2002 rare A1
Grey-headed Fish-eagle Icthyophaga ichthyaetus NT resident 2002 frequent A1
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis VU resident 2002 uncommon A1
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris LC resident 1989 rare A3
Megalaima asiatica NR resident 1989 uncommon A3
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus LC resident 1989 common A3
Brown-headed Barbet Psilopogon zeylanicus LC resident 2002 present A3
Himalayan Flameback Dinopium shorii LC resident 1989 common A3
Dinopium benghalense NR resident 1989 uncommon A3
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis LC resident 1989 rare A3
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC passage 2002 rare A1
Laggar Falcon Falco jugger NT non-breeding 2002 rare A1
Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata NT resident 2002 present A3
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala LC resident 1989 common A3
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Lalage melaschistos LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Tephrodornis pondicerianus NR resident 1989 frequent A3
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Crow-billed Drongo Dicrurus annectens LC breeding 1989 uncommon A3
Grey Treepie Dendrocitta formosae LC resident 2002 present A3
Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea LC resident 2002 present A3
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix griseus LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Bengal Bushlark Mirafra assamica LC resident 1989 common A3
Sand Lark Alaudala raytal LC resident 1989 common A3
Striated Prinia Prinia crinigera LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla VU resident 2002 frequent A1, A3
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica LC resident 2002 present A3
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Bristled Grassbird Chaetornis striata VU breeding 2002 frequent A1, A3
White-throated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus LC resident 1989 rare A3
Hypsipetes leucocephalus NR resident 1989 uncommon A3
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Pale-footed Bush-warbler Hemitesia pallidipes LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Jerdon's Babbler Chrysomma altirostre VU resident 2002 rare A1, A3
Black-chinned Yuhina Yuhina nigrimenta LC resident 2002 present A3
Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler Erythrogenys erythrogenys LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra LC resident 1989 rare A3
Black-chinned Babbler Cyanoderma pyrrhops LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Rufous-capped Babbler Cyanoderma ruficeps LC resident 2002 present A3
Graminicola bengalensis NR resident 2002 frequent A1
Striated Babbler Argya earlei LC resident 1989 common A3
Slender-billed Babbler Chatarrhaea longirostris VU resident 2002 frequent A1, A3
Turdoides striata NR resident 1989 frequent A3
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Rufous-necked Laughingthrush Garrulax ruficollis LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum LC resident 1989 rare A3
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnia malabarica LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicatus LC resident 1989 rare A3
Pale-chinned Flycatcher Cyornis poliogenys LC resident 1989 common A3
Black-backed Forktail Enicurus immaculatus LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra VU passage 2002 rare A1
White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis VU non-breeding 2002 rare A1
White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucurus LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Chloropsis hardwickii NR resident 1989 uncommon A3
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna LC resident 1989 uncommon A3
Black-breasted Weaver Ploceus benghalensis LC resident 1989 frequent A3
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola CR winter 2004 frequent A1

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2011 high unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Houbaropsis bengalensis Bengal Florican 8 5 males 63 unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
चितवन राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज National Park 93,200 is identical to site 93,200
चितवन मध्यवर्ती क्षेत्र National Park - Buffer Zone 75,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial -
Wetlands (inland) -
Forest -
Grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chitwan National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/11/2019.