NP003
Bardia National Park


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2005

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus LC resident 1989 present A3
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis VU resident 2002 rare A1, A3
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 2002 rare A1
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus LC resident 1989 present A3
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii LC resident 1989 present A3
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone VU non-breeding 2002 rare A1
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis CR resident 2002 uncommon A1, A3
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus EN breeding 2002 rare A1, A3
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus VU resident 2002 frequent A1, A4i
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala NT breeding 2002 rare A1
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus NT resident 2002 rare A1
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa LC resident 1989 present A3
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster NT resident 2002 frequent A1, A4i
Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus LC resident 2002 present A3
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda EN non-breeding 2004 rare A1, A4i
Dusky Eagle-owl Bubo coromandus LC resident 2002 present A3
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus CR resident 2004 rare A1
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis CR resident 2002 uncommon A1, A3
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris CR resident 2002 uncommon A1, A3
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata VU unknown 2004 unknown A1
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU passage 2002 rare A1
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus EN winter 2002 rare A1
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC winter 2002 rare A1
Lesser Fish-eagle Icthyophaga humilis NT resident 2002 rare A1
Grey-headed Fish-eagle Icthyophaga ichthyaetus NT resident 2002 rare A1
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa LC resident 1989 present A3
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis VU resident 2002 rare A1
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris LC resident 1989 present A3
Megalaima asiatica NR resident 1989 present A3
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus LC resident 1989 present A3
Brown-headed Barbet Psilopogon zeylanicus LC resident 1989 present A3
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis LC resident 2002 present A3
White-naped Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus LC resident 1989 present A3
Dinopium benghalense NR resident 1989 present A3
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis LC resident 1989 present A3
Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii LC resident 2002 present A3
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus LC resident 1989 present A3
Short-billed Minivet Pericrocotus brevirostris LC resident 2002 present A3
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus LC resident 1989 present A3
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Lalage melaschistos LC resident 1989 present A3
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Lalage melanoptera LC breeding 1989 present A3
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus LC resident 2002 present A3
Tephrodornis pondicerianus NR resident 1989 present A3
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola LC resident 1989 present A3
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens LC resident 1989 present A3
Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus LC resident 1989 present A3
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix griseus LC resident 1989 present A3
Bengal Bushlark Mirafra assamica LC resident 1989 present A3
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla VU resident 2002 rare A1
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica LC resident 1989 present A3
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis LC resident 1989 present A3
White-throated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus LC resident 2002 present A3
Hypsipetes leucocephalus NR resident 1989 present A3
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys LC resident 1989 present A3
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos LC resident 1989 present A3
Pale-footed Bush-warbler Hemitesia pallidipes LC resident 1989 present A3
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra LC resident 2002 present A3
Black-chinned Babbler Cyanoderma pyrrhops LC resident 2002 present A3
Graminicola bengalensis NR resident 2002 rare A1
Striated Babbler Argya earlei LC resident 1989 present A3
Turdoides striata NR resident 1989 present A3
Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum LC resident 2002 present A3
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnia malabarica LC resident 1989 present A3
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus LC resident 2002 present A3
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul LC resident 2002 present A3
Indian Robin Saxicoloides fulicatus LC resident 1989 present A3
Small Niltava Niltava macgrigoriae LC resident 2002 present A3
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus LC resident 2002 present A3
Blue-capped Rock-thrush Monticola cinclorhyncha LC breeding 2002 present A3
White-tailed Stonechat Saxicola leucurus LC resident 1989 present A3
Chloropsis hardwickii NR resident 2002 present A3
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna LC resident 2002 present A3
Black-breasted Weaver Ploceus benghalensis LC resident 2002 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2011 medium very unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Grassland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Houbaropsis bengalensis Bengal Florican 9 2 males 23 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
बर्दिया राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज National Park 96,800 is identical to site 96,800
Bardia National Park - Buffer Zone 32,800 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Forest -
Grassland -
Wetlands (inland) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bardia National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/01/2020.