NP002
Barandabhar forests and wetlands


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus LC resident 2002 present A3
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 2002 rare A1
Yellow-footed Green-pigeon Treron phoenicopterus LC resident 2002 present A3
Sirkeer Malkoha Taccocua leschenaultii LC resident 2002 present A3
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus NT resident 2002 frequent A1, A4i
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala LC breeding 2002 rare A1
Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus NT non-breeding 2002 rare A1
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa LC resident 2002 present A3
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster NT resident 2002 present A1, A4i
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda EN non-breeding 2004 rare A1
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus CR non-breeding 2004 present A1
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis CR resident 2002 present A1, A3
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris CR resident 2002 present A1, A3
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT winter 2002 rare A1
Indian Spotted Eagle Clanga hastata VU unknown 2004 present A1
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 2002 rare A1
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus EN winter 2002 rare A1
Lesser Fish-eagle Icthyophaga humilis NT non-breeding 2002 rare A1
Grey-headed Fish-eagle Icthyophaga ichthyaetus NT resident 2002 frequent A1
White-eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa LC resident 2002 present A3
Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis VU resident 2002 rare A1
Indian Grey Hornbill Ocyceros birostris LC resident 2002 present A3
Blue-throated Barbet Psilopogon asiaticus LC resident 2000 present A3
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus LC resident 2002 present A3
Brown-headed Barbet Psilopogon zeylanicus LC resident 2002 present A3
Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense LC resident 2002 present A3
Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis LC resident 2002 present A3
Slaty-headed Parakeet Himalayapsitta himalayana LC breeding 2000 present A3
Plum-headed Parakeet Himalayapsitta cyanocephala LC resident 2002 present A3
Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus LC resident 2002 present A3
Rosy Minivet Pericrocotus roseus LC breeding 2000 present A3
Black-winged Cuckooshrike Lalage melaschistos LC breeding 2000 present A3
Black-headed Cuckooshrike Lalage melanoptera LC breeding 2002 present A3
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus LC resident 2002 present A3
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus LC resident 2002 present A3
White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola LC resident 2002 present A3
White-bellied Drongo Dicrurus caerulescens LC resident 2002 present A3
Ashy-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix griseus LC resident 2002 present A3
Bengal Bushlark Mirafra assamica LC resident 2002 present A3
Sand Lark Alaudala raytal LC resident 2002 present A3
Jungle Prinia Prinia sylvatica LC resident 2002 present A3
Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis LC resident 2002 present A3
Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus LC breeding 2000 present A3
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys LC breeding 2000 present A3
Grey-hooded Warbler Phylloscopus xanthoschistos LC breeding 2000 present A3
Pale-footed Bush-warbler Hemitesia pallidipes LC breeding 2000 present A3
Tawny-bellied Babbler Dumetia hyperythra LC resident 2002 present A3
Jungle Babbler Argya striata LC resident 2002 present A3
Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum LC resident 2002 present A3
Chestnut-tailed Starling Sturnia malabarica LC resident 2002 present A3
Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus LC resident 2002 present A3
Grey-winged Blackbird Turdus boulboul LC breeding 2000 present A3
Tickell's Thrush Turdus unicolor LC breeding 2000 present A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2011 unfavourable high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat medium

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Chitwan National Park World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 93,200 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Chitwan - Buffer Zone मध्यवर्ती क्षेत्र 75,000 protected area overlaps with site 0
Chitwan राष्ट्रिय पार्क 93,200 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Beeshazar and Associated Lakes Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 3,200 protected area contained by site 3,200

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) -
Forest -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Barandabhar forests and wetlands. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/barandabhar-forests-and-wetlands-iba-nepal on 21/02/2024.