Barandabhar forests and wetlands

Country/territory: Nepal

IBA criteria met: A1, A3, A4i (2005)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 12,300 ha

Bird Conservation Nepal
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2011 unfavourable high low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2005 baseline)
The Barandabhar forest ranges from 1.8-7 km in width and stretches from Royal Chitwan National Park in the south to the Mahabharat Range in the north. The forest south of the Mahendra Highway lies in the park's buffer zone. The forest area includes Sal Shorea robusta, riverine forest Trewia nudiflora, Bombax cebia, Mallotus philippensis, Dalbergia sissoo/Acacia catechu, mixed forest, shrubs and wetlands (streams, lakes, canals and water holes) (Adhikari et al. 2000, Dahal 2003). Bees Hazari Tal is a wetland lying within the forest corridor.

Key biodiversity
A total of 282 bird species has been recorded in Barandbhar forest and Bees Hazari Tal, including the globally threatened Lesser Adjutant and near-threatened Great Hornbill, Grey-headed Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus and Darter Anhinga melanogaster (Baral 1996, Adhikari et al. 2000, Dahal 2002, 2003). More species are likely to be found with further work. Surveys have shown that, although it is small, Barandabhar is an extremely important forest corridor, providing a migration route for the passage of birds and other wildlife (Dahal 2002). Bees Hazari Tal is also an important wetland for birds and other wildlife.

Non-bird biodiversity: Little work has been done on other wildlife. The globally threatened Tiger Panthera tigris, Indian Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis and Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris have been recorded.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Barandabhar forests and wetlands. Downloaded from on 21/02/2024.