Extent of this site: The Tawushan Nature Reserve is situated on the eastern slope of the southern section of the Central Mountain Range, and includes the watersheds of five major rivers: Chihben, Taimali, Jinluen, Dachu, and Lichia rivers. The Hsuangkuei Lake Wildlife Major Habitat is situated on the border of Maolin Village in Kaohsiung County, Wutai Village in Pingdung County, and Yanping Village in Taitung County, and is part of the southern section of the Central Mountain Range. Most of this area consists of national forests, and most still remains at very natural condition. Forests cover over 90% of the area, among which natural forests account for the greatest share. This IBA site is characterized with that it has the largest area and the most intact natural forests in Taiwan. Elevations range from 200 to 3,090 m, and annual precipitation is 4,400-4,800 mm. Forests of different climatic types can be found here. The biological resources are very diversified, and animals grow abundantly. Disturbance from humans is rare.
IBA A2 criterion species: Fourteen endemic species are common in this area : among which the Mikado Pheasant and Swinhoe’s Pheasant are more easily seen here than in other places in Taiwan. • At this site, 113 species have been recorded including 20 protected species: Indian Black Eagle, Tawny Fish Owl, Maroon Oriole, Hodgson’s Hawk Eagle, Brown Wood Owl, Besra Sparrow Hawk, Asian Crested Goshawk, Crested Serpent Eagle, Melodious Laughing Thrush, and Rufous Laughing Thrush.
Non-bird biodiversity: • This site is the most possible location for sighting the Formosan Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosa and the Formosan Black Bear Selenarctos thibetanus formosanus.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tawushan Nature Reserve and Hsuangkuei Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/02/2020.