FI003
Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus LC resident 1991 500-2,000 breeding pairs C2
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC breeding 1996 30-70 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Smew Mergellus albellus LC breeding 1996 10-50 breeding pairs A3, B2, C2
Common Crane Grus grus LC breeding 1996 30-100 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata LC breeding 1996 10-50 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria LC breeding 1991 1,000-5,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6
Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus LC breeding 1991 100-400 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C2
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula LC breeding 1991 300-1,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, C3
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus LC breeding 1991 500-1,500 breeding pairs B3
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT breeding 1996 10-50 breeding pairs A3
Ruff Calidris pugnax LC breeding 1991 500-2,000 breeding pairs B3, C2, C6
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus LC breeding 1991 500-2,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C3
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii LC breeding 1996 1-11 breeding pairs A3
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus LC breeding 1991 200-500 breeding pairs A3, A4i, B1i, C3
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus LC breeding 1996 50-200 breeding pairs A3
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus LC breeding 1991 300-1,000 breeding pairs A3, A4i, B1i, C3
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia LC breeding 1991 200-600 breeding pairs A3, A4i, B1i, C3
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola LC breeding 1991 5,000-15,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Northern Hawk-owl Surnia ulula LC breeding 1996 10-100 breeding pairs A3, C6
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus LC breeding 1996 30-100 breeding pairs B2, C6
Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa LC breeding 1996 10-50 breeding pairs A3, C6
Osprey Pandion haliaetus LC breeding 1996 3-10 breeding pairs B2, C6
Circus cyaneus NR breeding 1996 30-100 breeding pairs B2, C6
Rough-legged Buzzard Buteo lagopus LC breeding 1991 100-300 breeding pairs A3
Picoides tridactylus NR resident 1991 300-1,000 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Lanius excubitor NR breeding 1996 30-100 breeding pairs B2
Siberian Jay Perisoreus infaustus LC resident 1991 800-2,000 breeding pairs A3, B2
Siberian Tit Poecile cinctus LC resident 1991 2,000-5,000 breeding pairs A3
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus LC breeding 1991 1,000-3,000 breeding pairs B3
Phylloscopus borealis NR breeding 1996 10-50 breeding pairs A3
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata LC breeding 1991 1,000-5,000 breeding pairs B2
Bluethroat Cyanecula svecica LC breeding 1991 1,000-5,000 breeding pairs C2
European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca LC breeding 1991 300-1,000 breeding pairs B3
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus LC breeding 1991 5,000-15,000 breeding pairs B2
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra LC breeding 1991 500-2,000 breeding pairs B3
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus LC breeding 1991 200-500 breeding pairs A3
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis NT breeding 1991 20,000 breeding pairs B3
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla LC breeding 1991 30,000 breeding pairs A3
Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator LC breeding 1991 500-1,500 breeding pairs A3
Loxia leucoptera NR breeding 1996 30-300 breeding pairs A3
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus LC breeding 1991 300-1,000 breeding pairs A3
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis LC breeding 1991 500-1,500 breeding pairs A3
Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica VU breeding 1991 500-1,500 breeding pairs A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding 1991-1996 9,100-30,500 breeding pairs A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2010 medium very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie 2000 2600 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Mergellus albellus Smew 50 50 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Golden Plover 5000 5000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Eudromias morinellus Eurasian Dotterel 100 0 breeding pairs 0 very unfavourable
Charadrius hiaticula Common Ringed Plover 300 300 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel 2800 2800 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 250 250 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Calidris falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper 1800 1500 breeding pairs 84 near favourable
Lymnocryptes minimus Jack Snipe 200 200 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope 300 210 breeding pairs 70 near favourable
Tringa erythropus Spotted Redshank 1300 1300 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Tringa nebularia Common Greenshank 900 900 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper 14000 14000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Surnia ulula Northern Hawk-owl 100 100 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Circus cyaneus 30 6 breeding pairs 20 not assessed
Buteo lagopus Rough-legged Buzzard 150 110 breeding pairs 74 near favourable
Picoides tridactylus 300 300 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Lanius excubitor 100 100 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Perisoreus infaustus Siberian Jay 4000 4000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Poecile cinctus Siberian Tit 5500 5500 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher 7000 7000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Cyanecula svecica Bluethroat 4000 4000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart 25000 25000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing 850 850 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Anthus pratensis Meadow Pipit 20000 20000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Fringilla montifringilla Brambling 70000 80000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak 900 900 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Calcarius lapponicus Lapland Longspur 10000 10000 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Plectrophenax nivalis Snow Bunting 500 5 breeding pairs 1 very unfavourable
Emberiza rustica Rustic Bunting 500 110 breeding pairs 22 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Puljun Erämaa Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 7,136 protected area overlaps with site 48,558
Puljun erämaa Wilderness Area 61,351 protected area contained by site 61,981
Pöyrisjärven Erämaa Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 4,915 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Naatsukka-Aapa Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 9,831 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Lemmenjoen kansallispuisto National Park 285,920 protected area contained by site 284,928
Lemmenjoen Kansallispuisto Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 146,834 protected area contained by site 285,990
Hammastunturin Erämaa Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 154,903 protected area contained by site 154,903
Hammastunturin erämaa Wilderness Area 182,227 protected area contained by site 182,809

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Grassland Tundra -
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
other -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2019.