A foreshore area of sandbanks, reedbeds and shallow waters along the Frisian west coast. It is a subsite of Lake IJsselmeer (034), and lies adjacent to the Workumerwaard (036) in the south. The northern border is formed by the Afsluitdijk which separates the IJsselmeer from the Wadden Sea (001). This site, together with site 036, formed part of a single, larger site (former site NL016) in the previous pan-European IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989).
Non-breeding numbers are based on aerial counts, which tend to underestimate species with a scattered occurrence. The site is an important roost for geese Anser, but actual roosting numbers are poorly reflected by counts.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main problems are water management (the water-level is deliberately kept high during summer), the building of a new harbour, commercial reed-harvesting (`Other' threat, above), and recreation (leisure boating).
National High International High1,582 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Friese IJsselmeerkust I, 4,800 ha). 62 ha of IBA covered by Natural Monument (Friese IJsselmeerkust II, 120 ha). 48 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Makkumer- en Kooiwaard, 51 ha). About 1,600 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Friese IJsselmeerkust, 5,130 ha).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Makkumer-and Kooiwaard. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022.