The top of the mountain is unvegetated. Below this is a band of mixed Pinus and Castanea woodland, with olive-groves in the lowland area. Human activities include livestock-farming, forestry and quarrying.
This is an important site for species typical of Pinus forest and non-intensive olive groves. Breeding birds include six of the 21 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Mediterranean biome.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Threats include fires, forestry operations, overgrazing and road building. Part of the area is a candidate SAC.
National Partial International NonePart of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Koutra-Chorafi Agrias-Chorafelia/Agiasou Lesv, 700 ha). Part of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Plati/Asomaton-Sikounta-Mychou).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2022.