The site contains one of the few freshwater lakes in Crete, as well as coastal marshes, a brackish lake, sand-dunes, cliffs and a marine zone.
This is an important site for breeding, migrant and wintering waterbirds and passerines. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (wintering), Aythya nyroca (wintering), Aquila clanga (passage), Gallinago media (passage, wintering), Larus audouinii (wintering).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2020.