Mount Parnassos

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca NT resident 1990 common B2
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus NT resident 1997 1 breeding pairs B2, C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 1990 common C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC resident 1986 common C6
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus LC resident 1993 abundant A3
Rüppell's Warbler Curruca ruppeli LC breeding 1988 common B3, C6
Western Rock Nuthatch Sitta neumayer LC resident 1993 abundant B3
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria LC resident 1986 common A3
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius LC resident 1988 common B2
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris LC resident 1993 common A3
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis LC resident 1985 uncommon A3
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia LC breeding 1985 frequent B3, C6

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Periastiko dasos Tithoreas Fthiotidas Aisthitiko dasos 182 protected area contained by site 0
Parnassos Ethnikos Drymos (pirinas) 3,706 protected area overlaps with site 0
Oros Parnassos Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 34,401 protected area overlaps with site 944
Oros Gkiona Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 22,663 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Notioanatolikos Parnassos – Ethnikos Drymos Parnassou – Dasos Tithoreas; Spilaiovarathro Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 18,627 protected area overlaps with site 9,894
Asprochoma-Psilo-Prontoli-Kelari (Arachovas) Katafygio Agrias Zois 4,670 protected area overlaps with site 0
Asprochoma--Psilo--Prontoli--Kelari/ Arachovas Game Refuge 2,650 protected area contained by site 2,650
Amfikleia Lamias Ektrofeio thiramaton 116 protected area overlaps with site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland, Mesophile grasslands -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Scree & boulders, Inland cliffs -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -
not utilised -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mount Parnassos. Downloaded from on 25/09/2023.