The site comprises a canal with a delta of mudflats, saltmarshes, and lagoons. Two low hills are covered with dense scrub. Much of the area has been reclaimed for arable farming.
This site is important for breeding, passage and overwintering waterbirds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (passage, wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila heliaca (wintering), Gallinago media (passage).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats come from habitat destruction and water pollution as a result of expanding intensive agriculture, road construction, over-grazing and hunting. The area is a candidate SAC.
National Partial International Partial1,780 ha of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Vatatsa-Divari/Igoumenitsas, 1,780 ha). 5,521 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Ygrotopos Ekvolon (Delta) Kalama, 5,521 ha).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kalamas delta. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2022.