Lake Kastoria

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Goosander Mergus merganser LC winter 1993 5-10 individuals B1i, C3
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1993 30 breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C6
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 1993 10-50 breeding pairs B2, C2, C6
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT passage 1993 50-100 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 1993 500 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Zoni Prostasias Ygrotopikon Oikosystimaton Limnis Kastorias Alla 3,258 protected area overlaps with site 0
Zoni Apolytis Prostasias tis Fysis Limnis Kastorias Periochi apolytis prostasias tis fysis 135 protected area contained by site 0
Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis Limnis Kastorias Periochi prostasias tis fysis 3,392 protected area overlaps with site 0
Perifereiaki Zoni Prostasias Limnis Kastorias Periferiaki zoni periohis prostasias tis fysis 577 protected area overlaps with site 0
Limni-Vouno Kastorias Katafygio Agrias Zois 9,422 protected area contains site 946
Limni Orestias (Kastorias) Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 3,767 protected area overlaps with site 3,795
Limni Kastorias Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 4,666 protected area contains site 3,740


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Other urban and industrial areas -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lake Kastoria. Downloaded from on 02/10/2023.