Open agricultural land used for cereals (mainly wheat) and other crops in rotation such as melon, sunflower and beans. There is sparse evergreen woodland of oak Quercus ilex and cork oak Q. suber. Fallow land is used for grazing sheep and cattle.
The site supports good numbers of breeding birds of steppic habitats, and is important for wintering Grus grus. Besides of species in species list, 10 breeding pairs of Circus pygargus and some Burhinus oedicnemus are present.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Évora plains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/12/2019.