Çıldır Lake

Country/territory: Turkey

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i, B1i (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 20,810 ha

Protection status:

Doga Dernegi
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 high favourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A freshwater lake (max. 12,350 ha, max. depth 22 m) situated in a volcanic depression between Kýsýr and Akbaba mountains. Extensive marshes and damp pastures border the lake to the north-west, otherwise it is surrounded by hill pasture and has very little fringe vegetation. Four islands are vegetated with low shrub. Human activities include stock-grazing; water is used for hydroelectric power generation and irrigation.

Key biodiversity
Pelecanus sp. formerly bred on the islands. There are recent records of P. onocrotalus and occasional records of P. crispus, but breeding has not been proven for either species. Melanitta fusca is also thought to breed.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Çıldır Lake. Downloaded from on 27/01/2021.