IBA Reports




Allan, J. R., Possingham, H. P., Atkinson, S. C., Waldron, A., Di Marco, M., Butchart, S. H. M., Adams, V. M., Kissling, W. D., Worsdell, T., Sandbrook, C., Gibbon, G., Kumar, K., Mehta, P., Maron, M., Williams, B. A., Jones, K. R., Wintle, B. A., Reside, A. E. & Watson, J. E. M. (2022) The minimum land area requiring conservation attention to safeguard biodiversity. Science 376: 1094-1101.

Buechley, E. R., Girardello, M., Santangeli, A., Ruffo, A. D., Ayalew, G., Abebe, Y. D., Barber, D. R., Buij, R., Bildstein, K., Mahamued, B. A., Neate-Clegg, M. H. C., Ogada, D., Marra, P. P., Sillett, T. S., Thiollay, J.-M., Wikelski, M., Yaworsky, P. & Şekercioğlu, Ç. H. (2022) Priority areas for vulture conservation in the Horn of Africa largely fall outside the protected area network. Bird Conserv. Int. 32(2): 188-205.

Handley, J. M., Harte, E., Stanworth, A., Poncet, S., Catry, P., Cleminson, S., Crofts, S. & Dias, M. (2022) Progressing delineations of key biodiversity areas for seabirds, and their application to management of coastal seas. Divers. Distrib. 29(1): 123-142.


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Beal, M., Oppel, S., Handley, J., Pearmain, E. J., Morera-Pujol, V., Carneiro, A. P. B., Davies, T. E., Phillips, R. A., Taylor, P., Miller, M. G. R., Franco, A. M. A., Catry, I., Patrício, A. R. , Regalla, A., Staniland, I. J., Boyd, C., Catry, P., Dias, M. P. (2021) track2KBA: An R package for identifying important sites for biodiversity from tracking data. Methods Ecol. Evol. 12: 2372-2378.

Bolton, M. (2021) GPS tracking reveals highly consistent use of restricted foraging areas by European Storm-petrels Hydrobates pelagicus breeding at the largest UK colony: implications for conservation management . Bird. Conserv. Int. 31(1): 35-52.

Bradbury, R. B., Butchart, S. H. M., Fisher, B., Hughes, F. M. R., Ingwall-King, L., MacDonald, M. A., Merriman, J. C., Pellier, A.-C., Thomas, D. H. L., Trevelyan, R. & Balmford, A. (2021) The economic consequences of conserving or restoring sites for nature. Nat. Sustain. 4: 602–608.

Breiner, F. T., Anand, M., Butchart, S. H. M., Flörke, M., Fluet-Chouinard, E., Guisan, A., Hilarides, L., Jones, V. R., Kalyakin, M., Lehner, B. van Leeuwen, M., Pearce-Higgins, J. W., Voltzit, O. & Nagy, S. (2021) Setting priorities for climate change adaptation of Critical Sites in the Africa-Eurasian waterbird flyways. Glob. Change Biol. 28: 739-752.

Butchart, S. H. M., Foden, W., Hannah, L. and Watson, J. E. M. (2021) Challenges and Opportunities for Conserving KBAs Under Climate Change. Pp. 247-254 in Langhammer, P. F., Mittermeier, R. A., Plumptre, A. J., Waliczky, Z. & Sechrest, W. eds. Key Biodiversity Areas. Cemex.

Davies, T. E., Carneiro, A. P. B., Tarzia, M. et al. (2021) Multi-species tracking reveals a major seabird hotspot in the North Atlantic. Conserv. Lett. 14: e12824.

Davies, T. E., Carneiro, A. P. B., Campos, B., Hazin, C., Dunn, D. C., Gjerde, K. M., Johnson, D. E. & Dias, M. P. (2021) Tracking data and the conservation of the High Seas: opportunities and challenges. J. Appl. Ecol. 58: 2703-2710.

Devenish, C., Junaid, A. R., Andriansyah, Saryanthi, R., van Balen, S., Kaprawi, F., Aprianto, G. C., Stanley, R. C., Poole, O., Owen, A., Collar, N. J. & Marsden, S. J. (2021) Biological richness of Gunung Slamet, Central Java, and the need for its protection. Oryx 1-10.

Handley J. M., Rouyer M., Pearmain, E. J., Warwick-Evans, V., Teschke, K., Hinke, J. T., Lynch, H., Emmerson, L., Southwell, C., Griffith, G., Cardenas, C., Franco, A. M. A., Trathan, P. & Dias, M. P. (2021) Marine Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas for penguins in Antarctica, targets for conservation action. Front. Mar. Sci. 7: 602972.

Jonas, H. D., Ahmadia, G. N., Bingham, H. C., Briggs, J. Butchart, S. H. M., Cariño, J., Chassot, O., Chaudhary, S., Darling, E., DeGemmis, A., Dudley, N., Fa, J., Fitzsimons, J., Garnett, S., Geldmann, J., Golden Kroner, R., Gurney, G. G., Harrington, A. R., Himes-Cornell, A., Hockings, M., Jonas, H. C., Jupiter, S., Lee, E., Lieberman, S., Mangubhai, S., Marnewick, D., Matallana-Tobón, C. L., Maxwell, S. L., Meliane, I., Nelson, F., Parrish, J., Ranaivoson, R., Rao, M., Santamaría, M., Waithaka, J., Painemilla, K. W., Venter, O., Visconti, P., Watson, J. E. M. and von Weizsaecker, C. (2021) Equitable and effective conservation across landscapes and seascapes: the conserved areas paradigm in practice. Parks 27: 71-84.

Neugarten R.A., Mandle L. & Pellier A-S. (2021) Delivering ecosystem services. Pp. 229-237 in Langhammer, P. F., Mittermeier, R. A., Plumptre, A. J., Waliczky, Z. & Sechrest, W. eds. Key Biodiversity Areas. Cemex.

Spiliopoulou, K., Brooks, T, M., Butchart, S. H. M. and Plumptre, A. J. (2021) Implementing and monitoring global biodiversity targets and Sustainable Development Goal. Pp. 143-152 in Langhammer, P. F., Mittermeier, R. A., Plumptre, A. J., Waliczky, Z. & Sechrest, W. eds. Key Biodiversity Areas. Cemex.

Voskamp, A., Butchart, S. H. M., Baker, D., Wilsey, C. & Willis, S. G. (2021) Site-based conservation of terrestrial bird species in the Caribbean, Central and South America under climate change. Frontiers Ecol. Evol. 9: 625432.


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Beresford, A. E., Donald, P. F. and Buchanan, G. M. (2020) Repeatable and standardised monitoring of threats to Key Biodiversity Areas in Africa using Google Earth Engine. Ecol. Indic. 109: 105763.

Buchanan, G. M. Butchart, S. H. M., Chandler, G. and Gregory, R. (2020) Assessment of national-level progress towards elements of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Ecol. Indic. 116: 106497.

Cazalis, V., Princé, K., Mihoub, J.-B., Kelly, J., Butchart, S. H. M. and Rodrigues, A. S. L. (2020) Effectiveness of protected areas in conserving tropical forest birds. Nat Commun. 11: 4461.

Handley, J. M., Pearmain, E. J., Oppel, S. et al. (2020) Evaluating the effectiveness of a large multi-use MPA in protecting Key Biodiversity Areas for marine predators. Divers. Distrib. 26: 715-729.

Jones, K. R., Klein, C., Grantham, H. S., Possingham, H. P., Halpern, B. S., Lafolley, D., Burgess, N. D., Butchart, S. H. M., Robinson, J. G. and Watson, J. E. M. (2020) Area Requirements to Safeguard Earth's Marine Species. One Earth 2: 188–196.

Leclère, D., Obersteiner, M., Barrett, M., Butchart, S. H. M., Chaudhary, A., De Palma, A., DeClerck, F. A. J., Di Marco, M., Doelman, J. C., Durauer, M., Freeman, R., Harfoot, M., Hasegawa, T., Hellweg, S., Hilbers, J. P., Hill, S. L. L., Humpenöder, F., Jennings, N., Krisztin, T., Mace, G. M., Ohashi, H., Popp, A., Purvis, A., Schipper, A. M., Tabeau, A., Valin, H., van Meijl, H., van Zeist, W. J., Visconti, P., Alkemade, R. , Almond, R., Bunting, G., Burgess, N. D., Cornell, S.E., Di Fulvio, F., Ferrier, S., Fritz, S., Fujimori , S., Grooten, M., Harwood, T., Havlík, P., Herrero, M., Hoskins, A. J., Kram, T., Lotze-Campen, H., Matsui, T., Meyer, C., Nel, D., Newbold, T., Schmidt-Traub, G., Stehfest, E., Strassburg, B., van Vuuren, D. P., Ware, C., Watson, J. E. M., Wu, W. and Young, L. (2020) Bending the curve of terrestrial biodiversity needs an integrated strategy. Nature. 585: 551–556.

Oudman, T., Schekkerman, H., Kidee, A., van Roomen, M., Camara, M., Smit, C., Horn, J. T., Piersma, T. & El-Hacen, E. M. (2020) Changes in the waterbird community of the Parc National du Banc d’Arguin, Mauritania, 1980–2017. Bird Conserv. Int. 30(4): 618–633.

Pavón‐Jordán, D., Abdou, W., Azafzaf, H., Balaž, M., Bino, T., Borg, J. J., Bouras, E., Božič, L., Butchart, S. H. M., Clausen, P., Dagys, M., Dakki, M., Devos, K., Domsa, C., Encarnaçao, V., Faragó, S., Fox, A. D., Frost, T., Gaudard, C., Georgiev, V., Goratze, I., Hornman, M., Keller, V., Kostiushyn, V., Langendoen, T., Ławicki, L., Ieronymidou, C.,Lewis, L. J., Lorentsen, S.-H., Luigujoe, L., Meissner, W., Mikuska, T., Molina, B., Musil, P., Musilova, Z., Natykanets, V., Nilsson, L., Paquet, J.-Y., Portolou, D., Ridzon, J., Santangeli, A., Sayoud, S., Šćiban, M., Stipniece, A., Teufelbauer, N., Topić, G., Uzunova, D., Vizi, A., Wahl, J., Yavuz, K. E., Zenatello, M. and Lehikoinen, A. (2020) Positive impacts of Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas on wintering waterbirds under changing temperatures throughout Europe and North Africa. Biol. Conserv. 246: 108549.

Simkins, A. T., Buchanan, G. M., Davies, R. G. & Donald, P. F. (2020) Shifting boundaries: taxonomy and site‐based conservation. Anim. Conserv. 23: 357-358.


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Butchart, S. H. M., Miloslavich, P., Reyers, B., Subramanian, S. M., Adams, C., Bennett, E., Czúcz, B., Galetto, L., Galvin, K., Reyes-García, V., Gerber, L. R., Gode, T. B., Jetz, W., Kosamu, I. B. M., Palomo, M. G., Panahi, M., Selig, E. R., Singh, G. S., Tarkhnishvili, D., Xu, H., Lynch, A. J., Mwampamba, T. H., and Samakov. A. (2019) Assessing progress towards meeting major international objectives related to nature and nature’s contributions to people. Chapter 3 In Brondízio, E. S., Díaz, D. and Settele, J., eds,Global Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Germany: Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.

Díaz, D., Settele, J., Brondízio, E. S., Ngo, H. T., Agard, J., Arneth, A., Balvanera, P., Brauman, K. A., Butchart, S. H. M., Chan, K. M. A, Garibaldi, L. A., Ichii, K., Liu, J., Subramanian, S. M., Midgley, G. F., Miloslavich, P., Molnár, Z., Obura, D., Pfaff, A., Polasky, S., Purvis, A., Razzaque, J., Reyers, B., Chowdhury, R. R., Shin, Y.-J., Visseren-Hamakers, I., Willis, K. and Zayas, C. N. (2019) Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for profound change. Science 366: eaax3100.

Donald, P. F., Buchanan, G. M., Balmford, A., Bingham, H., Couturier, A. R., dela Rosa, G. E., Gacheru, P., Herzog, S. K., Jathar, G., Kingston, N., Marnewick, D., Maurer, G., Reaney, L., Shmygaleva, T., Sklyarenko, S., Stevens, C. M. D., Butchart, S. H. M. (2019) The prevalence, characteristics and effectiveness of Aichi Target 11’s “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs) in Key Biodiversity Areas. Conserv. Lett. 12: e12659.

Green, E. J., Buchanan, G. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Chandler, G. M., Burgess, N. D., Hill, S. L. L. and Gregory, R. D. (2019) Relating characteristics of global biodiversity targets to reported progress. Conserv. Biol 33: 1360–1369.

Hausmann, A., Toivonen, T., Fink, C., Heikinheimo, V., Tenkanen, H., Butchart, S. H. M., Brooks, T. M. and Di Minin, E. (2019) Assessing global popularity and threats to Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas using social media data. Sci. Total Environ. 683: 617–623.

Miller, M. G. R., Yamamoto, Y., Sato, M., Lascelles, B., Nakamura, Y., Sato, H., Ando, Y., Ezaki, I., Taylor, P. Mori, S., Hayama, S. & Kobayashi, Y. (2019) At-sea distribution and habitat of breeding Japanese Murrelets Synthliboramphus wumizusume: implications for conservation management. Bird Conserv. Int. 29(3): 370–385.

Smith, R. J., Bennun, L., Brooks, T. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Cuttelod, A., Di Marco, M., Ferrier, S., Fishpool, L. D. C., Joppa, L., Juffe-Bignoli, D., Knight, A. T., Lamoreux, J. F., Langhammer, P., Possingham, H. P., Rondinini, C., Visconti, P., Watson, J. E. M., Woodley, S., Boitani, L., Burgess, N. D., De Silva, N., Dudley, N., Fivaz, F., Game, E. T., Groves, C., Lotter, M., McGowan, J., Plumptre, A. J., Rebelo, A. G., Rodriguez, J. P. and Scaramuzza, C. A. M. (2019) Synergies between the key biodiversity area and systematic conservation planning approaches. Conserv. Lett. 12: e12625.

Visconti, P., Butchart, S. H. M., Brooks, T. M., Langhammer, P. F., Marnewick, D., Vergara, S., Yanosky, A. and Watson, J. E. M. (2019) Protected area targets post-2020. Science 364: 239–241.

Visconti, P., Butchart, S. H. M., Brooks, T. M., Langhammer, P. F., Marnewick, D., Vergara, S., Yanosky, A., Crowe, O. and Watson, J. E. M. (2019) A bold successor to Aichi Target 11—Response. Science 365: 650–651.

Woodley, S., Baillie, J. E. M., Dudley, N., Hockings, M., Kingston, N., Laffoley, D., Locke, H., Lubchenco, J., MacKinnon, K., Meliane, I., Sala, E. and Spalding, M. (2019) A bold successor to Aichi Target 11. Science 365: 649–650.


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Augé, A. A., Dias, M. P., Lascelles, B., Baylis, A. M. M., Black, A., Boersma, P. D., Catry, P., Crofts, S., Galimberti, F., Granadeiro, J. P., Hedd, A., Ludynia, K., Masello, J. F., Montevecchi, W., Phillips, R. A., Pütz, K., Quillfeldt, P., Rebstock, G. A., Sanvito, S., Staniland, I. J., Stanworth, A., Thompson, D., Tierney, M., Trathan, P. N. and Croxall, J. P. (2018) Framework for mapping key areas for marine megafauna to inform Marine Spatial Planning: The Falkland Islands case study. Marine Policy 92: 61–72.

Brauneder, K., Montes, C., Blyth, S., Bennun, L. A., Butchart, S. H. MJ., Hoffmann, M., Burgess, N. D., Cuttelod, A., Jones, M. I., Kapos, V., Pilgrim, J., Tolley, M. J., Underwood, E. C., Weatherdon, L. V., and Brooks, S. E. (2018) Global screening for Critical Habitat in the terrestrial realm. PLoS ONE 13: e0193102.

Buchanan, G. M., Parks, B. C., Donald, P. F., O’Donnell, B. F., Runfola D., Swaddle, J. P., Tracewski, L. and Butchart, S. H. M. (2018) The local impacts of World Bank development projects near sites of conservation significance. J. Environ. Dev. 27: 299–322.

Donald, P. F., Fishpool, L. D. C., Ajagbe, A., Bennun, L. A., Bunting, G., Burfield, I. J., Butchart, S. H. M., Heath, Capellan, S., Crosby, M. J., Dias, M. P., Diaz, D., Evans, M. I., Grimmett, R., Heath, M., Jones, V., Lascelles, B. G., Merriman, J. C., O’Brien, M., Ramirez, I., Waliczky, Z. and Wege, D. C. (2018) Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs): the development and characteristics of a global inventory of key sites for biodiversity. Bird Conserv. Internat. 29: 177–198.

Langhammer, P., Butchart, S. H. M. and Brooks, T. M. (2018) Key Biodiversity Areas. In: D. A. DellaSala and M. I. Goldstein (eds.) Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene 3: 341–345. Oxford: Elsevier.

McClure, C. J. W., Westrip, J. R. S., Johnson, J. A., Schulwitz, S. E., Virani, M. Z., Davies, R., Symes, A., Wheatley, H., Thorstrom, R., Amar, A., Buij, R., Jones, V. R., Williams, N. P., Buechley, E. R. and Butchart, S. H. M. (2018) State of the world’s raptors: distributions, threats, and conservation recommendations. Biol. Conserv. 227: 390–402.

Neugarten, R. A., Langhammer, P. F., Osipova, E., Bagstad, K. J., Bhagabati, N., Butchart, S. H. M., Dudley, N., Elliott, V., Gerber, L. R., Gutierrez Arrellano, C., Ivanic, C.-Z., Kettunen, M., Mandle, L., Merriman, J. C., Mulligan, M., Peh, K. S.-H., Raudsepp-Hearne, C., Semmens, D. J., Stolton, S. and Willcock, S. (2018) Tools for measuring, modelling, and valuing ecosystem services: guidance for Key Biodiversity Areas, natural World Heritage Sites, and protected areas. IUCN best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. 28. Gland: IUCN.

Schulze, K., Knights, K., Coad, L., Geldmann, J., Leverington, F., Eassom, A., Marr, M., Butchart, S. H. M., Hockings, M., and Burgess, N. D. (2018) An assessment of threats to terrestrial protected areas. Conserv. Lett. 11: e12435.

Waliczky, Z., Fishpool, L. D. C., Butchart, S. H. M., Thomas, D., Heath, M., Hazin, C., Donald, P. F., Kowalska, A., and Dias, Maria, A. P. (2018) Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs): their impact on conservation policy, advocacy and action. Bird Conserv. Int. 29: 199–215.


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Bagchi, R. Hole, D. G., Butchart, S. H. M., Collingham, Y. C., Fishpool, L. D. C., Plumptre, A. J., Owiunji, I., Mugabe, H. and Willis, S. G. (2017) Forecasting potential routes for movement of endemic birds among important sites for biodiversity in the Albertine Rift under projected climate change. Ecography 40: 1–12.

Beresford, A. E., Buchanan, G. M., Phalan, B., Eshiamwata, G. W., Balmford, A., Brink, A. B., Fishpool, L. D. C. and Donald, P. F. (2017) Correlates of long-term land-cover change and protected area performance at priority conservation sites in Africa. Environ. Conserv. 45: 49–57.

Merriman, J. C., Gurung, H., Adhikari, S., Butchart, S. H. M., Khatri, T. P., Pandit, R. S., Ram, A. K., Thomas, D. H. L. and Thapa, I. (2017) Rapid ecosystem service assessment of the impact of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve on wetland benefits to local communities. J. Wetland Ecol. Manage. 26: 491–507.

Stuart, S. N., Brooks, T. M. Butchart, S. H. M., Elliott, W., Heath, M., Hoffmann, D., Honey, L., Kostadinova, I., Langhammer, P., Langrand, O., Lieberman, S., Marnewick, D., Raik, D., Rodríguez, J. P., Sechrest, W., Smart, J., Vergara, S., Woodley, S., Yanosky, A. and Zimsky, M. (2017) Clarifying the Key Biodiversity Areas Partnership and Programme. Biodivers. Conserv. 27: 791–793.

Tayleur, C., Balmford, A. P, Buchanan, G. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Corlet, C., Ducharme, H., Green, R. E., Milder, J. C., Sanderson, F. J., Thomas, D. H. L., Tracewski, L., Vickery, J. and Phalan, B. (2017) Where are commodity crops certified, and what does it mean for conservation and poverty alleviation? Biol. Conserv. 217: 36–46.

Zhang, L., Wang, X., Zhang, J., Ouyang, Z., Chan, S., Crosby, M., Watkins, D., Martinez, J., Su, L., Yu, Y.-T., Szabo, J., Cao, L. & Fox, A. D. (2017) Formulating a list of sites of waterbird conservation significance to contribute to China’s Ecological Protection Red Line. Bird Conserv. Int. 27(2): 153–166.


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Brooks, T. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Kingston, N. and Martinez, C. (2016) Goal 15: Life on land. Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss. Pp. 497-522 in Lalaguna, P. D, Barrado, C. M. D. and Liesa, C. R. F. (eds) International Society and Sustainable Development Goals. Thompson Reuters.

Brooks, T. M., Akçakaya, H. R., Burgess, N. D., Butchart, S. H. M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hoffmann, M., Juffe-Bignoli, D., Kingston, N., MacSharry, B., Parr, M., Perianin, L., Regan, E., Rodrigues, A. S. L., Rondinini, C., Shennan-Farpon, Y. and Young, B. E. (2016) Analysing biodiversity and conservation knowledge products to support regional environmental assessments. Sci. Data 3: 160007.

Butchart, S. H. M., Brooks, T. M., Scharlemann, J. P. W and Mwangi, M. A. K. (2016) Monitoring Protected Area coverage and impact on Key Biodiversity Areas, Important Bird Areas, and Alliance for Zero Extinction sites. Pp. 211-227 in Joppa, L. N., Baillie, J. E. M. and Robinson, J., G., Protected areas: are they safeguarding biodiversity? Cambridge: Wiley-Blackwell.

Butchart, S., Tracewski, L, Buchanan, G and Lowen, J. (2016) Forest loss in Latin American Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas. Neotropical Birding 19: 13–19.

Hughes, F. M. R., Adams, W. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Field, R. H., Peh, K. S.-H. and Warrington, S. (2016) The challenges of integrating biodiversity and ecosystem services monitoring and evaluation at a landscape-scale wetland restoration project in the UK. Ecol. Soc. 21: 10.

Juffe-Bignoli, D., Brooks, T. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Kingston, N., Jenkins, R. B., Boe, K., Hoffmann, M., Angulo, A., Bachman, S., Böhm, M., Brummitt, N., Carpenter, K. E., Comer, P. J., Cox, N., Cuttelod, A., Darwall, W. R. T., Di Marco, M., Fishpool, L. D. C., Goettsch, B., Heath, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hutton, J., Johnson, T., Joolia, A., Keith, D. A., Langhammer, P. F., Luedtke, J., Nic Lughadha, E., Lutz, M., May, I., Miller, R. M., Oliveira-Miranda, M. A., Parr, M., Pollock, C. M., Ralph, G., Rodríguez, J. P., Rondinini, C., Smart, J., Stuart, S., Symes, A., Tordoff, A. W., Woodley, S., Young, B. and Kingston, N. (2016) Assessing the cost of global biodiversity and conservation knowledge. PLoS ONE 11: e0160640.

Juffe-Bignoli, D., Harrison, I., Butchart, S. M. B., Flitcroft, R., Hermoso, V., Jonas, H., Lukasiewicz, A., Thieme, M., Turak, E., Bingham, H., Dalton, J., Darwall, W., Deguignet, M., Dudley, N., Gardner, R., Higgins, J., Kumar, R., Linke, S., Milton, G. R., Pittock, J., Smith, K. G., van Soesbergen, A. (2016) Achieving Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 to improve protected areas performance and conserve freshwater biodiversity. Aquatic Conserv.: Marine Freshw. Ecosyst. 26 (Suppl. 1): 133–151.

Kukkala, A. S., Santangeli, A., Butchart, S. H. M., Maiorano, L., Ramirez, I. and Moilanen, A. (2016) Coverage of vertebrate species distributions by Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas and Special Protection Areas in the European Union. Biol. Conserv. 202: 1–9.

Peh, S.-H., Thapa, I., Basnyat, M., Balmford, A. P., Bhattarai, G. P., Bradbury, R. B., Brown, C., Butchart, S. H. M., Dhakal, M., Gurung, H., Hughes, F. M. R., Mulligan, M., Pandey, B., Stattersfield, A. J., Thomas, D. H. L., Walpole, M. and Birch, J. C. (2016) Synergies between biodiversity conservation and ecosystem service provision: Lessons on integrated ecosystem service valuation from a Himalayan protected area, Nepal. Ecosyst. Serv. 22: 359–369.

Thapa, I., Butchart, S. H. M., Gurunga, H., Stattersfield, A. J., Thomas, D. H. L., Birch, J. C. (2016) Using information on ecosystem services in Nepal to inform biodiversity conservation and local to national decision making. Oryx 50: 147–155.

Tracewski, L., Butchart, S. H. M., Donald, P. F., Evans, M., Fishpool, L. D. C. and Buchanan, G. M. (2016) Patterns of twenty‐first century forest loss across a global network of important sites for biodiversity. Remote Sens. Ecol. Conserv. 2: 37–44.

Watson, J. E. M., Jones, K. R., Fuller, R. A., Di Marco, M., Segan, D. B., Butchart, S. H. M., Allan, J. R., McDonald-Madden, E. and Venter, O. (2016) Persistent Disparities between Recent Rates of Habitat Conversion and Protection and Implications for Future Global Conservation Targets. Conserv. Lett. 9: 413–421.


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Brooks, T. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Cox, N. A., Heath, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hoffmann, M., Kingston, N., Rodríguez, J. P., Smart, J. and Stuart, S. (2015) Harnessing biodiversity and conservation knowledge products to track the Aichi Targets and Sustainable Development Goals. Biodiversity 16: 157–174.

Butchart, S. H. M., Clarke, M., Smith, B., Sykes, R., Scharlemann, J. P. W., Harfoot, M., Buchanan, G., Angulo, A., Balmford, A., Bertzky, B., Brooks, T. M., Carpenter, K. E., Comeros, M., Cornell, J., Ficetola, G. F., Fishpool, L. D. C., Harwell, H., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hoffmann, M., Joolia, A., Joppa, L., Kingston, N., May, I., Milam, A., Polidoro, B., Ralph, G., Richman, N., Rondinini, C., Skolnik, B., Spalding, M., Stuart, S. N., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Visconti, P. Watson, J. E. M. and Burgess, N. D. (2015) Shortfalls and solutions for meeting national and global protected area targets. Conserv. Lett. 8: 329–337.

Di Marco, M., Brooks, T. M., Cuttelod, A., Fishpool, L. D. C., Rondinini, C., Smith, R. E., Butchart, S. H. M. et al (2015) Quantifying the relative irreplaceability of important bird and biodiversity areas. Conserv. Biol. 30: 392–402.

Runge, C. A., Watson, J. E. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Hanson, J. O., Possingham, H. P. and Fuller, R. A. (2015) Protected areas and global conservation of migratory birds. Science 350: 1255–1258.

Segan. D. B., Hole, D. G., Donatti, C. I., Zganjar, C., Martin, S., Butchart, S. H. M. and Watson, J. E. M. (2015) Considering the impact of climate change on human communities significantly alters the outcome of species and site-based vulnerability assessments. Divers. Distrib. 21: 991–1003.

Soanes, L. M., Bright, J. A., Bolton, M., Millett, J., Mukhida, F. & Green, J. A. (2015) Foraging behaviour of Brown Boobies Sula leucogaster in Anguilla, Lesser Antilles: Preliminary identification of at-sea distribution using a time-in-area approach. Bird Conserv. Int. 25(1): 87–96.


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Birch, J. C., Thapa, I., Balmford, A. P., Bradbury, R. B., Brown, C., Butchart, S. H. M., Gurung, H., Hughes, F. M., Mulligan, M., Pandeya, B., Peh, K. S., Stattersfield, A. J., Walpole, M., Thomas, D. H. (2014) What benefits do community forests provide, and to whom? A rapid assessment of ecosystem services from a Himalayan forest in Nepal. Ecosyst. Serv. 8: 118–127.

Han, X., Smyth, R. L., Young, B. E., Brooks, T. M., Sánchez de Lozada, A., Butchart, S. H. M., Larsen, F. W., Rodrigues, A. S. L. and Turner, W. R. (2014) A biodiversity indicators dashboard: addressing challenges to monitoring progress towards the Aichi biodiversity targets using disaggregated global data. PloS ONE 9: e112046.

Peh, S.-H., Balmford, A. P., Birch, J. C., Brown, C., Butchart, S. H. M., Daly, J., Dawson, J., Grey, G., Hughes, F. M. R., Mendes, S., Millett, J., Stattersfield, A. J., Thomas, D. H. L., Walpole, M. and Bradbury, R. B. (2014) Potential impact of invasive alien species on ecosystem services provided by tropical a forested ecosystem: a case study from Montserrat. Biol. Invasions 17: 461–475.

Peh, S.-H., Balmford, A. P., Field, R. H., Lamb, A., Birch, J. C., Bradbury, R. B., Brown, C., Butchart, S. H. M., Lester, M., Morrison, R., Sedgwick, I., Soan, C., Stattersfield, A. J., Stroh, P., Swetnam, R., Thomas, D. H. L., Walpole, M., Warrington, S. and Hughes, F. M. R. (2014) Benefits and costs of ecological restoration: Rapid assessment of changing ecosystem service values at a UK wetland. Ecol. Evol. 4: 3875–3886.

Tittensor, D. P., Walpole, M., Hill, S. L. L., Boyce, D. G., Britten, G. L., Burgess, N. D., Butchart, S. H. M., Leadley, P. W., Regan, E. C., Alkamade, R., Baumung, R., Bellard, C., Bouwman, L., Bowles-Newark, N. J., Chenery, A. M., Cheung, W. W. L., Christensen, V., Cooper, H. D., Crowther, A. R., Dixon, M. J. R., Galli, A., Gaveau, V., Gregory, R. D., Gutierrez, N. L., Hirsch, T., Hoft, R., Januchowski-Hartley, S. R., Karmann, M., Krug, C. B., Leverington, F. J., Loh, J., Lojenga, R. K., Malsch, K., Marques, A., Morgan, D. H. W., Newbold, T., Noonan-Mooney, K., Pagad, S. N., Parks, B. C., Pereira, H. M., Robertson, T., Rondinini, C., Santini, L., Schindler, S., Sumaila, U. R., The, L. S. L., van Kolck, J., Visconti, V. and Ye, Y. (2014) A mid-term analysis of progress towards international biodiversity targets. Science 346: 241–244.

Venter, O., Fuller, R. A., Segan, D. B., Carwardine, J., Brooks, T., Butchart, S. H. M., Di Marco, M., Iwamura, T., Joseph, L., Possingham, H. P., Smith, R., Venter, M., Watson, J. E. M. (2014) Targeting global protected area expansion for imperilled biodiversity. PLoS Biol. 12: e1001891.


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Bagchi, R., Crosby, M., Huntley, B., Hole, D., Collingham, Y., Butchart, S. H. M. and Willis, S. G. (2013) Evaluating the effectiveness of conservation site networks under climate change: accounting for uncertainty. Glob. Change Biol. 19: 1236–1248.

Buchanan, G. M., Fishpool, L. D. C., Evans, M. I. and Butchart, S. H. M. (2013) Comparing field-based monitoring and remote-sensing, using deforestation from logging at Important Bird Areas as a case study. Biol. Conserv. 167: 334–338.

Peh, K, Balmford, A., Bradbury, R. B., Brown, C., Butchart, S. H. M., Hughes, F., Stattersfield, A. J., Thomas, D. H. L., Walpole, M., Bayliss, J., Gowing, D., Jones, J. P. G., Lewis, S. L., Mulligan, M., Pandeya, B., Stratford, C., Thompson, J. R., Turner, K., Vira, B., Willcock, S. and Birch, J. C. (2013) TESSA: a toolkit for rapid assessment of ecosystem services at sites of biodiversity conservation importance. Ecosyst. Serv. 5: 51–57.


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Butchart, S. H. M., Scharlemann, J. P. W., Evans, M., Quader, S. Arinaitwe, J., Bennun, L. A., Besançon, C., Boucher, T., Bomhard, B., Brooks, T. M., Burfield, I. J., Burgess, N. D., Clay, R. P., Crosby, M. J., Davidson, N. C. De Silva, N., Devenish, C., Dutson, G. C. L., Díaz Fernández, D. F., Fishpool, L. D. C., Foster, M., Hockings, M., Hoffmann, M., Knox, D., Larsen, F., Lamoreux, J. F., Loucks, C., May, I., Millett, J. Parr, M., Skolnik, B., Upgren, A. & Woodley, S. (2012) Protecting important sites for biodiversity contributes to meeting global conservation targets. PLoS ONE 7: e32529.

Croxall, J. P, Butchart, S. H. M., Lascelles, B., Stattersfield, A.J., Sullivan, B., Symes, A. and Taylor, P. (2012) Seabird conservation status, threats and priority actions: a global assessment. Bird Conserv. Int. 22: 1–34.

McCarthy, D., Donald, P. F., Scharleman, J. P. W., Buchanan, G. M., Balmford, A. P., Green, J. M. H., Bennun, L. A., Burgess, N., Fishpool, L. D. C., Garnett, S. T., Leonard, D. L., Maloney, R. F., Morling, P., Schaeffer, H. M., Symes, A., Wiedenfeld, D. A. and Butchart, S. H. M. (2012) Financial costs of meeting global biodiversity conservation targets: current spending and unmet needs. Science 338: 946–949.

Navedo, J. G., Masero, J. A., Sánchez-Guzmán, J. M., Abad-Gómez, J. M., Gutiérrez, J. S., Sansón, E. G., Villegas, A., Costillo, E., Corbacho, C. & Morán, R. (2012) International importance of Extremadura, Spain, for overwintering migratory dabbling ducks: a role for reservoirs. Bird Conserv. Int. 22(3): 316–327.


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Buchanan, G. M., Donald, P. F. and Butchart, S. H. M. (2011) Identifying priority areas for conservation: a global assessment for forest-dependent birds. PloS ONE 6: e29080.

Hole, D. G., Huntley, B., Collingham, Y. C., Fishpool, L. D. C., Pain, D. J., Butchart, S. H. M. and Willis, S. G. (2011) Towards a management framework for protected area networks in the face of climate change. Conserv. Biol. 25: 305–315.

Rodríguez-Rodríguez, R. Bomhard, B. Butchart, S. H. M. and Foster, M. (2011) Progress towards targets for protected area coverage in mountains: a multi-scale assessment. Biol. Conserv. 144: 2978–2983.


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Balian, E., Harrison, I., Butchart, S. H. M., Chambers, P., Cordeiro, J., Cumberlidge, N., de Moor, F., Gascon, C., James, H., Kalkman, V., van Dijk, P. P and Yeo D. (2010) A Wealth of Life: Species Diversity in Freshwater Systems. Pp. 50-89 in R. A. Mittermeier, T. A. Farrell, I. J. Harrison, A. J. Upgren and T. M. Brooks, Freshwater – the essence of life. Washington, DC: Conservation International and CEMEX.

Butchart, S. H. M., Collar, N. J., Stattersfield, A. J. and Bennun, L. A. (2010) Conservation of the world’s birds: the view from 2010. Pp. 13-68 in J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott and D. Christie, Handbook of the world’s birds. Vol. 15. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions.

Butchart, S. H. M., Walpole, M., Collen, B., van Strien, A., Scharlemann, J. P. W., Almond, R. E. E., Baillie, J. E. M., Bomhard, B., Brown, C., Bruno, J., Carpenter, K. E., Carr, G. M., Chanson, J., Chenery, A. M., Csirke, J., Davidson, N. C., Dentener, F., Foster, M., Galli, A., Galloway, J. N., Genovesi, P., Gregory, R. D., Hockings, M., Kapos, V., Lamarque, J.-F., Leverington, F., Loh, J., McGeoch, M. A., McRae, L., Minasyan, A., Morcillo, M. H., Oldfield, T. E. E., Pauly, D., Quader, S., Revenga, C., Sauer, J. R., Skolnik, B., Spear, D., Stanwell-Smith, D., Stuart, S. N., Symes, A., Tierney, M., Tyrrell, T. D., Vié, J. C. and Watson, R. (2010) Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines. Science 328: 1164–1168.

Manu, S., Imong, I. S. & Cresswell, W. (2010) Bird species richness and diversity at montane Important Bird Area (IBA) sites in south-eastern Nigeria. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(3): 231–239.

Mwangi, M. A. K., Butchart, S. H. M., Barasa, F., Bennun, L. A, Evans, M. I., Fishpool, L. D. C., Kanyanya, E., Madindou, I., Machekele, J., Matiku, P., Mulwa, R., Ngari, A., Stattersfield, A. J. and Siele, J. (2010) Tracking trends in key sites for biodiversity: a case study using Important Bird Areas in Kenya. Bird Conserv. Int. 20: 215–230.

Rands, M. R. W., Adams, W. M., Bennun, L. A., Butchart, S. H. M., Clements, A., Coomes, D., Entwistle, Hodge, I. A., Kapos, V. Scharlemann, J. P. W, Sutherland, W. J., Vira, B. (2010) Biodiversity Conservation: Challenges Beyond 2010. Science 329: 1298–1303.

Schielzeth, H., Kamp, J., Eichhorn, G., Heinicke, T., Koshkin, M. A., Lachmann, L., Sheldon, R. D. & Koshkin, A. V. (2010) Wader, gull and tern population estimates for a key breeding and stopover site in Central Kazakhstan. Bird Conserv. Int. 20(2): 186–199.

Thieme, M. L., Turak, E., McIntyre, P., Darwall, W., Tockner, K., Cordeiro, J. and Butchart, S. H. M. (2010) Freshwater ecosystems under threat. Pp. 118-151 in R. A. Mittermeier, T. A. Farrell, I. J. Harrison, A. J. Upgren and T. M. Brooks, Freshwater – the essence of life. Washington, DC: Conservation International and CEMEX.


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Buchanan, G. M., Donald, P. F., Fishpool, L. D. C., Arinaitwe, J. A., Balman, M. & Mayaux, P. (2009) An assessment of land cover and threats in Important Bird Areas in Africa. Bird Conserv. Int. 19(1): 49–61.

Hole, D. G., Huntley, B., Pain, D. J., Fishpool, L. D. C., Butchart, S. H. M., Collingham, Y. C., Rahbek, C. and Willis, S. G. (2009) Projected impacts of climate change on a continental-scale protected area network. Ecol. Lett. 12: 420–431.

Salafsky, N., Butchart, S. H. M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Neugarten, R., Salzer, D. and Stattersfield, A. J. (2009) Pragmatism and practice in classifying threats: a reply to Balmford et al. Conserv. Biol. 23: 488–493.

Walpole, M., Almond, R., Besançon, C., Butchart, S. H. M., Campbell-Lendrum, D., Carr, G. M., Collen, B., Collette, L, Davidson, N. C., Fazel, A., Galloway, J. N., Gill, M., Goverse, T., Hockings, M., Morgan, D. H. W., Revenga, C., Rickwood, C. J., Schutyser, F., Simons, S., Stattersfield, A. J., Tyrrell, T. and Vié, J.-C. (2009) Tracking progress towards the 2010 Biodiversity Target and beyond. Science 325: 1503–1504.


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Boyd, C., Brooks, T. M., Butchart, S. H. M., da Fonseca, G. A. B., Hawkins, A. F. A., Hoffmann, M., Sechrest, W. W., Stuart, S. N., van Dijk, P. P. and Edgar, G. J. (2008) Spatial scale and the conservation of threatened species. Conserv. Lett. 1: 37–43.

Islam, M. Z. and Rahmani, A. R. (2008) Potential and existing Ramsar Sites in India. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Kirby, J. S., Stattersfield, A. J., Butchart, S. H. M., Evans, M. I., Grimmett, R. F. A., Jones, V., O’ Sullivan, J., Tucker, G. and Newton, I. (2008) Key conservation issues for migratory land- and waterbird species on the world's major flyways. Bird Conserv. Int. 18 (suppl.): 49–73.

Salafsky, N., Salzer, D., Stattersfield, A. J., Hilton-Taylor, C., Neugarten, R., Butchart, S. H. M., Collen, B., Cox, N., Master, Lawrence, L., O’Connor, S. and Wilkie, D. (2008) A standard lexicon for biodiversity conservation: unified classifications of threats and actions. Conserv. Biol. 22: 897–911.

Schielzeth, H., Eichhorn, G., Heinicke, T., Kamp, J., Koshkin, M. A., Koshkin, A. V. & Lachmann, L. (2008) Waterbird population estimates for a key staging site in Kazakhstan: a contribution to wetland conservation on the Central Asian flyway. Bird Conserv. Int. 18(1): 71–86.


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BirdLife International (2005) Important Bird Areas and potential Ramsar Sites in Asia. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.

Ricketts, T. H., Dinerstein, E., Boucher, T., Brooks, T. M., Butchart, S. H. M., Hoffmann, M. Lamoreux, J. F., Morrison, J., Parr, M., Pilgrim, J. D., Rodrigues, A. S. L., Sechrest, W., Wallace, G. E., Berlin, K. Bielby, J., Burgess, N. D., Church, D. R., Cox, N., Knox, D., Loucks, C., Luck, G. W., Master, L. L., Moore, R., Naidoo, R., Ridgely, R., Schatz, G. E., Shire, G., Strand, H., Wettengel, W. and Wikramanayake, W. (2005) Pinpointing and preventing imminent extinctions. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 102: 18497–18501.


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